chapter5 - Chapter 5 Police CJ 101 Introduction to Criminal...

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1 Chapter 5 Police CJ 101 Introduction to Criminal Justice Dr. Michael Blankenship Learning Objectives b the English origins of American police b the evolution of American police b organization of the police b police functions b police policy, and how it affects police action b police actions and the use of discretion b the relationship between the police and the community Why Do We Have Police? b Who would respond when “something that ought not be happening and about which someone had better do something now” occurs? b It used to be we called on each other b Now we call on the police!
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2 The Common Denominator b The meaning of the term “police” varies across time and cultures b The common denominator among all police s is the right to use non-negotiable coercive force Avocational Policing b Three types of avocational policing s voluntary s obligatory s entrepreneurial b Evolution of policing involved all three types England b Alfred The Great’s System b 9th-10th Century b Mutual Pledge b Essentially, citizens policed themselves
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3 Invasion of England By France b 1066 – Battle of Hastings b King William I - Duke of Normandy crowned King of all England b Instituted frankpledge system England b Obligatory Policing b Frankpledge System - b Tithing group of ten (10) families b Tithingman - leader or chief of tithing England b Hundred - ten tithings - one hundred families b Chief Constable - head of the hundred
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4 England b Constable b Considered the first real police officer b Appointed by local nobleman b In charge of weapons for hundred Shire b A geographic area equivalent to our county b Hundreds were grouped into Shires b England was divided into 52 Shires b Shire-Reeve - antecedent of modern day sheriff 1272-1307 Obligatory Policing b 1285 Statute of Winchester b One man from each parish had to serve one-year term as constable b Hue and Cry – Citizens had to keep arms and come to the aid of the constable b Constable required to take prisoners to court
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Edward I: Watch and Ward b Name given to first night watch in cities and towns b Operated from sundown to sunrise b Protected property against fire b Guarded gates of city b Arrested those who committed offenses England – 1750 Entrepreneurial Policing b Industrial Revolution brought many new people to the big cities b Crime increased in cities and highways leading to cities b Civilian associations cropped up and began creating their own
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This note was uploaded on 09/05/2011 for the course CJ 101 taught by Professor Wormer during the Spring '09 term at Boise State.

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chapter5 - Chapter 5 Police CJ 101 Introduction to Criminal...

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