chapter6 - Chapter 6 Police Officers and Law Enforcement...

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1 Chapter 6 Police Officers and Law Enforcement Operations CJ 101 Introduction to Criminal Justice Dr. Michael Blankenship Learning Objectives circle6 recruitment, training, and socialization of police officers circle6 recruitment and integration of women and minority officers circle6 police subculture, including the working personality and the elements of danger and authority circle6 organization of police departments and allocation of resources circle6 police action and decision making, including organizational response and productivity issues circle6 role of detectives and the investigation function, including the apprehension process and forensic techniques circle6 role of specialized operations in traffic, vice, and drug enforcement Recruitment circle6 Policing is a difficult job circle6 Modest salaries circle6 Significant job stress circle6 Danger circle6 Boredom circle6 Conflicting messages circle6 Many people who would make good police officers choose other professions
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2 Recruitment circle6 There are many factors that determine who is hired circle6 Physical fitness circle6 Background circle6 Character circle6 Psychological wellness circle6 Prior criminal record circle6 Compensation offered by the agency circle6 Level of education of applicant Educating the Police circle6 Some advantages of education: circle6 inculcates responsibility circle6 improved communication circle6 helps coping with stress circle6 better problem solving skills circle6 Research does not prove advantages exist: circle6 educated police are not superior from the client’s point of view circle6 fewer citizen complaints but more internal complaints
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3 Changing Profile of Police circle6 Police officers have traditionally been white males circle6 Departments becoming more diverse and actively seek to recruit women and minorities circle6 1968 National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders circle6 1972 Equal Employment Opportunity Act circle6 Since 1970s, percentage of minority group members and women has doubled circle6 Police gain legitimacy when they employ officers from all demographic groups LAPD vs. SWAT circle6 Equal Opportunity and SWAT circle6 http://www.latimes.com/news/opinion/commentary /la-op-parry16mar16,0,3865857.story circle6 No women serve on SWAT circle6 12.6% are black, about same proportion as department circle6 Does BFOQ matter?
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