chapter6 - Chapter 6 Police Officers and Law Enforcement...

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1 Chapter 6 Police Officers and Law Enforcement Operations CJ 101 Introduction to Criminal Justice Dr. Michael Blankenship Learning Objectives c recruitment, training, and socialization of police officers c recruitment and integration of women and minority officers c police subculture, including the working personality and the elements of danger and authority c organization of police departments and allocation of resources c police action and decision making, including organizational response and productivity issues c role of detectives and the investigation function, including the apprehension process and forensic techniques c role of specialized operations in traffic, vice, and drug enforcement Recruitment c Policing is a difficult job c Modest salaries c Significant job stress c Danger c Boredom c Conflicting messages c Many people who would make good police officers choose other professions
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2 Recruitment c There are many factors that determine who is hired c Physical fitness c Background c Character c Psychological wellness c Prior criminal record c Compensation offered by the agency c Level of education of applicant Educating the Police c Some advantages of education: c inculcates responsibility c improved communication c helps coping with stress c better problem solving skills c Research does not prove advantages exist: c educated police are not superior from the client’s point of view c fewer citizen complaints but more internal complaints
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3 Changing Profile of Police c Police officers have traditionally been white males c Departments becoming more diverse and actively seek to recruit women and minorities c 1968 National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders c 1972 Equal Employment Opportunity Act c Since 1970s, percentage of minority group members and women has doubled c Police gain legitimacy when they employ officers from all demographic groups LAPD vs. SWAT c Equal Opportunity and SWAT c http://www.latimes.com/news/opinion/commentary /la-op-parry16mar16,0,3865857.story c No women serve on SWAT c 12.6% are black, about same proportion as department c Does BFOQ matter?
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chapter6 - Chapter 6 Police Officers and Law Enforcement...

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