chapter9 - Chapter 9 Courts and Pretrial Processes CJ 101...

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1 Chapter 9 Courts and Pretrial Processes CJ 101 – Introduction to Criminal Justice Dr. Michael Blankenship Learning Objectives • the dual court system, the hierarchy of courts (general jurisdiction, appellate etc.) • the judge's functions and roles in the criminal court • the methods used for selecting judges and the results of those selection methods • bail • the consequences of being detained, especially for poor defendants, and the debate over preventive detention • mechanisms utilized to reform the bail system or as alternatives to money bail Dual Court System In the U.S. a dual court system exists • Federal courts • State courts Key issues • original jurisdiction • appellate jurisdiction
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2 Dual Court System Three-tiered Structure States have generally followed the federal court structure c trial courts of limited jurisdiction c trial courts of general jurisdiction c appellate courts State Court Structure • Arranged like a pyramid • One court of last resort • Intermediate appellate courts • Trial courts • General jurisdiction • Limited jurisdiction • Some specialty courts • Law defines jurisdiction of each
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3 State Trial Courts These courts function much as portrayed by the media • judges, juries, defense attorneys, prosecutors, witnesses, etc. • so-called adversarial process Idaho Judicial Districts Idaho’s Court Structure
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4 State Appellate Courts Courts of last resort • the losing side asks the appellate court to review the lower courts’ actions/decisions
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chapter9 - Chapter 9 Courts and Pretrial Processes CJ 101...

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