chapter10 - Chapter 10 Prosecution and Defense CJ 101...

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1 Chapter 10 Prosecution and Defense CJ 101 Introduction to Criminal Justice Dr. Michael Blankenship Learning Objectives • the significant discretionary power of prosecutors • the exchange relations between prosecutors and other actors • the nature of the accusatory process and the models for prosecutorial decision making • the Supreme Court's requirement for the appointment of defense counsel for indigent defendants facing incarceration • the role of the defense attorney • the characteristics and weaknesses of the three systems for indigent defense • the issue of attorney competence and standards for assessing the ineffective assistance of counsel The Prosecutorial System • Prosecutors • represent the state in criminal cases • exercise a great deal of discretion on the job • whether or not to pursue criminal charges • which charges to make • what sentence to recommend
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2 Politics and Prosecutors • Most state prosecutors are elected • Elected prosecutors have allegiances to • their respective political parties • a local constituency that may affect decision- making • The office of prosecutor is often seen as a political stepping-stone Discrimination • Several studies have documented discrimination as a result of the discretionary power of prosecutors • capital punishment Race of Defendants Executed Executions 1976-2007 Black 34% White 57% Hispanic 7% Other 2% Source: Death Penalty Information Center
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3 Race of Victims Black 14% White 79% Hispanic 5% Other 2% Source: Death Penalty Information Center Persons Executed for Interracial Murders s White Defendant/Black Victim
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This note was uploaded on 09/05/2011 for the course CJ 101 taught by Professor Wormer during the Spring '09 term at Boise State.

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chapter10 - Chapter 10 Prosecution and Defense CJ 101...

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