chapter12 - Chapter 12 Punishment and Sentencing CJ 101...

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1 Chapter 12 Punishment and Sentencing CJ 101 Introduction to Criminal Justice Dr. Michael Blankenship Learning Objectives the philosophical goals for criminal punishment the nature and extent of the various forms of criminal sanctions the constitutional and policy debates concerning the application of capital punishment debates about who receives the harshest punishment Goals of Punishment Four traditional goals of punishment: Retribution Deterrence Incapacitation Rehabilitation
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2 Retribution Punishment in proportion to the harm caused by the offender Not the same as revenge Backward looking “Eye for an eye?” Deterrence Forward looking Most of us don’t need deterring Two kinds specific general Elements (based on Classical School) swiftness certainty severity Research Difficult to measure what does not happen Incapacitation Forward looking Problem with balancing punishment – how long should the sentence be? Many forms including prison warehousing inmates? Selective incapacitation relatively small number of criminals commit disproportionate number of offenses the problem is correctly identifying career criminals
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3 Rehabilitation Forward looking Popular during 2/3 of last century medical model indeterminate prison sentence Current research treatment more effective than “warehousing” inmates Restorative Justice Is retributive justice effective? Other option restorative justice Primary aim is to repair harm victim community offender Criminal Sanctions Lots of options (depending on the crime and the offender) probation intermediate sanctions incarceration death
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4 Basic Sentencing Strategies (Models) different types of sentencing strategies Indeterminate sentences
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This note was uploaded on 09/05/2011 for the course CJ 101 taught by Professor Wormer during the Spring '09 term at Boise State.

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chapter12 - Chapter 12 Punishment and Sentencing CJ 101...

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