Chapter 8 - Law, Justice, and Society: A Sociolegal...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–8. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Law, Justice, and Society: A Sociolegal Introduction Chapter 8 Juvenile Justice
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Juvenile Justice Civil law Delinquents versus status offenders Delinquents—“to leave undone” reflects rehabilitative nature What Is Juvenile Delinquency?
Background image of page 2
Juvenile Justice Juveniles commit a disproportionate percentage  of the FBI’s UCR Part 1 index crimes Youths under 18 account for 13 percent of  arrests for violent crime Youths under 18 are only about 6 percent of the  American population Individuals who do not engage in some form of  antisocial behavior are statistically abnormal The Extent of Delinquency
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Juvenile Justice The Extent of Delinquency
Background image of page 4
Juvenile Justice Developmental Factors and Juvenile Delinquency New York Academy of Sciences, four key messages in 2003: 1. Much of the behavior characterizing adolescence is rooted in biology intermingling with environmental influences to cause teens to conflict with their parents, take more risks, and experience wide swings in emotion. 2. The lack of synchrony between a physically mature body and a still maturing nervous system may explain these behaviors. 3. Adolescents' sensitivities to rewards appear to be different than in adults, prompting them to seek higher levels of novelty and stimulation to achieve the same feeling of pleasure. 4. With the right dose of guidance and understanding, adolescence can be a relatively smooth transition.
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Juvenile Justice Puberty is followed by a 10-to-20-fold rise  in testosterone Testosterone linked to aggression Adolescent brain is immature and this is  reflected in common behavior Biological Factors
Background image of page 6
Juvenile Justice Almost all juveniles commit antisocial acts (esp. males) Only a small percent (about 15 percent) continuing  committing crimes Adolescent limited versus life-course persistents Across history and culture, juvenile delinquency  widespread Individuals (especially males) who  do not  engage in  some form of antisocial behavior are statistically  abnormal (Moffitt and Walsh 2003)     Developmental Factors and Juvenile Delinquency
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 8
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 29

Chapter 8 - Law, Justice, and Society: A Sociolegal...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 8. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online