Chpt 4 - Law, Justice, and Society: A Sociolegal...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–13. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Law, Justice, and Society: A Sociolegal Introduction Chapter 4 Federal and State Courts
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Federal and State Courts “Do justice” by providing all parties with due process of law Make public policy decisions Clarify the law through interpretation of statutes and the application of general principles to specific fact patterns (Abraham 1987) What Do Courts Do?
Background image of page 2
Federal and State Courts The legal authority or power of a court to hear, pronounce on, and decide a case Conferred by statute or constitution Four primary types: personal subject matter geographic hierarchical (Shreve and Hansen 1994) Jurisdiction
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Federal and State Courts Involves the authority of the court over a person Occurs when a person comes in contact with the court by being a citizen of the state or by committing an act that contravenes the laws of that state Personal Jurisdiction
Background image of page 4
Federal and State Courts The authority of a court to hear a particular type of case Limited jurisdiction : those courts that may hear only a specified type of case Subject Matter Jurisdiction
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Federal and State Courts Authority of courts to hear cases that arise within specified boundaries (or venues ) Events that take place (either wholly or in part) within a specific area are under the jurisdiction of that court Geographic Jurisdiction
Background image of page 6
Federal and State Courts Division of responsibilities and functions among the various courts Includes: original and appellate jurisdiction limited (as above) and general jurisdiction Hierarchical Jurisdiction
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Federal and State Courts General Jurisdiction : A court has authority to hear a variety of cases Original Jurisdiction : The power of a court to hear the case initially Appellate Jurisdiction : The Power of the court to review the decision of a lower court may affirm or reverse a decision, or return a case for reconsideration do not conduct retrials; rely on oral arguments and legal briefs concerned with legal errors Hierarchical Jurisdiction (cont.)
Background image of page 8
Federal and State Courts Two court systems in United States: the systems of each individual state the federal court system a.k.a. Article III Courts Federal system consists of three tiers: district courts intermediate appellate courts the Supreme Court U.S. Court Systems
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Federal and State Courts Source: Wheeler, R. and C. Harrison. 2005. Creating the Federal Judicial System, 3rd Ed. Washington, D.C. Federal Judicial Center.
Background image of page 10
Federal and State Courts Trial court and court of original jurisdiction for the federal court system 94 federal judicial districts Number of judges range from 2 to 22; about 650 total Subordinate judicial officers called federal magistrates who conduct preliminary proceedings and issue warrants District Courts
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Federal and State Courts Have original jurisdiction over civil and criminal cases involving federal statutes Can hear trials for civil cases when there is a
Background image of page 12
Image of page 13
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 09/05/2011 for the course CJ 103 taught by Professor Cluphf during the Spring '11 term at Boise State.

Page1 / 53

Chpt 4 - Law, Justice, and Society: A Sociolegal...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 13. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online