07%20Succession%20%26%20Caliphate

07%20Succession%20%26%20Caliphate - Succession &...

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Succession & Caliphate
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Titles Titles Amir al-mu minin : commander of the believers, 1st used after Prophet‘s death caliph/ Khalifa : successor or deputy of Prophet, word can be found in Quran
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Rightly Guided Caliphs Rightly Guided Caliphs time period: 632-661 total 4 caliphs ruled the Muslim community period in conjunction with the era of Muhammad golden period of Islam
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Abu Bakr Abu Bakr office: 632-634 1) saved the Islamic state from serious threat and, 2) started Muslim military expedition
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Omar Omar office: 634-644 1) continued military expansion ---Qadisiyah, Damascus, Jerusalem ---dhimmi (protected)/people of book ---a poll tax 2) collection of the Quran
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Uthman Uthman office:644-656 Umayyad clan, Quraysh tribe weak in administrative accused of appointing his relatives, diverting monies, and etc. 1) the orthodox version of Quran
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Ali Ali office: 656-661 son-in-law, cousin challenges and 1st civil war Aishah and battle of Camel Muawiyah and battle of Siffin massacre Kharijites and battle at Nahrawan result: killed by a Kharijite (seceders) ended this period
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Summary Summary The four Rightly Guided Caliphs ruled the
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07%20Succession%20%26%20Caliphate - Succession &...

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