08%20Shii%20and%20Kharajites

08%20Shii%20and%20Kharajites - The Shias and the Kharajites...

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The Shi’as and the Kharajites The Shi’as and the Kharajites
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Rise of Shii Islam Rise of Shii Islam Shi’a: means ‘Partisons’, Party of Ali, followers of Ali, 4th Rightly Guided Caliph rose in 7th c. after the Prophet died
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Doctrine Doctrine 1 Concept of Imam a. Imam appointed by Allah He said “I will make thee an Imam to nations.” He pleaded: “and also (Imams) from my offspring” (2:124) b. Ali was the only legitimated successor of the Prophet, and the 1st Imam
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Doctrine Doctrine c. Imam is divinely inspired, possessed a secret knowledge 2 Mahdi : “the waited one” 3 inner meaning of the Quran 4 precaution rule
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Karbala massacre Karbala massacre Karbala massacre: Husayn, Ali’s 2nd killed by Caliph Yazid Ashura: means memorial day, Islamic calendar Jan. 10th, recall Husayn’s martyrdom significance: death unified Shii opposition, finally shaped its worldview
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Shii worldview Shii worldview It is a paradigm of suffering, oppression, and protest against injustice. It was reinforced by their minority status and discrimination against them through the centuries
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1. different notion of leadership ---in Sunni (follow Sunnah), successor of the Prophet called “Caliph” ---in Shii, called “Imam” means “leader” ***imam as a term also mean the ordinary prayer leader in the mosque
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Difference Difference Imam and Caliph should be same
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08%20Shii%20and%20Kharajites - The Shias and the Kharajites...

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