09%20Philosophy-Theology

09%20Philosophy-Theology - Islamic Philosophy and Theology...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–7. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Islamic Philosophy and Theology Islamic Philosophy and Theology
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Historical background Historical background Kalam = Islamic theology, a by- product of Islamic philosophy Islamic Phi. comes from: Greek- Hellenistic phi. A few centers: Alexandria Persia’s Gundishapur Syria and Iraq
Background image of page 2
Translation of G. phi. texts Translation of G. phi. texts by 8th c. Aristotle’s treatises, Plato’s works translated into Arabic caliph al-Mamun and “House of Wisdom” in 813, translation movement accelerated commentary on A’s Nicomachean Ethics , only from Arabic source
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Beginning of systematic phi. writings Beginning of systematic phi. writings al-Kindi (795-866), first genuine philosopher of Islam 300 works religion and phi.: Islamic faith could be demonstrated philosophically developed phi. & scientific vocabulary
Background image of page 4
Al-Razi Al-Razi (865- btw 923 to 935) Islam’s greatest Platonist opposite stand to al-Kindi on relationship btw phi. and revelation- “Prophethood” chief ethical treatise: Spiritual Physic (therapy) 5 principles: creator, soul, matter, space and time
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Islamic Neoplatonism Islamic Neoplatonism Al- Farabi (878-950), founder of Islamic Neo- Platonism and political philosophy in Islam 1st major logician of Islam best-known work: Opinion of the Inhabitants of the Virtuous City rejected Sufi solitary life 3 forms of human association: large- inhabited world; intermediate-nation; small-city state
Background image of page 6
Image of page 7
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 09/05/2011 for the course RELIG 358 taught by Professor Chang during the Spring '10 term at Iowa State.

Page1 / 24

09%20Philosophy-Theology - Islamic Philosophy and Theology...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 7. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online