13%20Sufism - Islamic Mysticism: Sufism Islamic Term Term...

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Islamic Mysticism: Sufism Islamic Mysticism: Sufism
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Term Term Sufism: term comes from the coarse woolen garment ( suf , ‘wool’) worn by many early ascetics tasawwuf in Arabic Sufi: Arabic root word = wool = purity
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Background Background began as a reform movement in 7th c. to react with Umayyads’ material luxuries developed from mid-8thc. to 10 th c. swept much of Islamic world in 11-12th century features: Inner, esoteric, mystical or purely spiritual dimension of religion of Islam
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Nature and Goal Nature and Goal Nature: a spiritual path (embraced by millions of Muslims) with loving devotion to God Goal: offers a way of purification, to allow direct experience of God in forms of meditation
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Sufi way Sufi way Sufi: see themselves to be on a spiritual journey toward God fana and baqa Sufis relied on Shaykh/ pir as spiritual teacher or master for guidance in the way (tariqah)
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Sufi path Sufi path tariqa (harmony with the divine nature) - Faqr, Zikr, Kherqeh outer and inner path outside = same as all other Muslims inner = intense love for God inner strength of their hearts, minds, bodies and souls
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Sufi Orders and their Shaykhs Sufi Orders and their Shaykhs Many Orders and Shakhys, silsila Malamatiya - Hasan al-Basri Yasawiyai - Rabi’a al Adawiyya/Ahmet Yasawi Kubrawiya - Bayazid’ Bistami (and Oveyssi) Najm al-Din Kubra Qadiriya - Sahl ibn ‘Abdallah al Tustari /Abd al- Qadir Jilani Rifa’iya - Ahmet Rifa’i Mevleviye – Jalal al-Din Rumi
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Sufi Orders and their Shaykhs Sufi Orders and their Shaykhs (cont.) (cont.) Naqshbandiya –Baha’ al-Din Naqshband Ni’matallahiya – Shah Ni’matalah Vali’ Bayramiye – Haji Bayram Veli Chishtiya – Mu’in Al-Din Chishti Shadhiliya – Abu al-Hasan al-Shadhili Khabvativa – Umar al Khalwati Tijaniya – Ahmad al-Tijani Muridiyya – Ahmadu Bamba Qalandariya
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This note was uploaded on 09/05/2011 for the course RELIG 358 taught by Professor Chang during the Spring '10 term at Iowa State.

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13%20Sufism - Islamic Mysticism: Sufism Islamic Term Term...

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