15%20Islamic%20Renewal%20%26%20Reform

15%20Islamic%20Renewal%20%26%20Reform - Islamic Renewal and...

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Islamic Renewal and Reform Islamic Renewal and Reform
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Renewal and Reform Renewal and Reform 18th +19th c., time of transformation European imperial expansion Muslim empires declined ---reduction in military power ---regional political domination Sufism took a dominant position
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17th-18th c, 3 largest states ---the Ottoman ---the Mughal ---the Safavid all faced internal and external challenges administrative and institutional reform Islamic renewal in responses of Muslim societies
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The Ottoman The Ottoman official reform: esp. in military development adopted European methods and technologies climax of the reform: called “ Nizam i- Jedid ” or “New System” by sultan Selim III, western-style army and administrative structure
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The Ottoman The Ottoman 18th c. Islamic renewal: ---a sociomoral reconstruction of society in broader sense ---Sufi-led style revivalism: Naqshbandiyyah & Khalwatiyyah orders ---not primary goal of governmental reform ---not a part of political system
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The Mughal Empire The Mughal Empire great problem: non-Muslims majority of subjects Ahmad Sirhindi: Mujaddidi order, exclusivist position Emperor Aurangzeb (r. 1658-1707): political and social instability
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This note was uploaded on 09/05/2011 for the course RELIG 358 taught by Professor Chang during the Spring '10 term at Iowa State.

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15%20Islamic%20Renewal%20%26%20Reform - Islamic Renewal and...

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