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Unformatted text preview: Out-Group any group with which an individual does not identify. Negative-State Relief Hypothesis the idea that people help in order to alleviate their own sadness and distress. Urban Overload Hypothesis the theory that people living in cities are constantly being bombarded with stimulation and that they keep to themselves to avoid being overwhelmed by it. Bystander Effect the finding that the greater the number of bystanders who witness an emergency, the less likely any one of them is to help. Pluralistic Ignorance bystanders assuming that nothing is wrong in an emergency because no one else looks concerned. Diffusion of Responsibility the phenomenon whereby each bystanders sense of responsibility to help decreases as the number of witnesses increases....
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This note was uploaded on 09/05/2011 for the course PSYCH 280 taught by Professor Madon during the Spring '07 term at Iowa State.
- Spring '07