Unformatted text preview: Out-Group – any group with which an individual does not identify. Negative-State Relief Hypothesis – the idea that people help in order to alleviate their own sadness and distress. Urban Overload Hypothesis – the theory that people living in cities are constantly being bombarded with stimulation and that they keep to themselves to avoid being overwhelmed by it. Bystander Effect – the finding that the greater the number of bystanders who witness an emergency, the less likely any one of them is to help. Pluralistic Ignorance – bystanders’ assuming that nothing is wrong in an emergency because no one else looks concerned. Diffusion of Responsibility – the phenomenon whereby each bystander’s sense of responsibility to help decreases as the number of witnesses increases....
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- Spring '07
- Social Psychology, Urban Overload Hypothesis, Negative-State Relief Hypothesis