Chapter 11 Notes

Chapter 11 Notes - Out-Group any group with which an...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 11 Notes Prosocial Behavior – any act performed with the goal of benefiting another person. Altruism – the desire to help another person even if it involves a cost to the helper. Kin Selection – the idea that behaviors that help a genetic relative are favored by natural selection. Norm of Reciprocity – the expectation that helping others will increase the likelihood that they will help us in the future. Empathy – the ability to put oneself in the shoes of another person and to experience events and emotions the way that person experiences them. Empathy-Altruism Hypothesis – the idea that when we feel empathy for a person, we will attempt to help that person purely for altruistic reasons, regardless of what we have to gain. Altruistic Personality – the qualities that cause an individual to help others in a wide variety of situations. In-Group – the group with which an individual identifies as a member.
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Out-Group any group with which an individual does not identify. Negative-State Relief Hypothesis the idea that people help in order to alleviate their own sadness and distress. Urban Overload Hypothesis the theory that people living in cities are constantly being bombarded with stimulation and that they keep to themselves to avoid being overwhelmed by it. Bystander Effect the finding that the greater the number of bystanders who witness an emergency, the less likely any one of them is to help. Pluralistic Ignorance bystanders assuming that nothing is wrong in an emergency because no one else looks concerned. Diffusion of Responsibility the phenomenon whereby each bystanders sense of responsibility to help decreases as the number of witnesses increases....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 09/05/2011 for the course PSYCH 280 taught by Professor Madon during the Spring '07 term at Iowa State.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online