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Chapter 12 Notes - mere presence can increase the...

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Chapter 12 Notes Aggression – intentional behavior aimed at doing harm or causing pain to another person. Hostile Aggression – aggression stemming from feelings of anger and aimed at inflection pain. Instrumental Aggression – aggression as a means to some goal other than causing pain. Eros – the instinct toward life, posited by Freud. Thanatos – according to Freud, an instinctual drive toward death, leading to aggressive actions. Amygdala – an area in the core of the brain that is associated with aggressive behaviors. Serotonin – a chemical in the brain that may inhibit aggressive impulses. Testosterone – a hormone associated with aggression. Frustration-Aggression Theory – the idea that frustration – the perception that you are being prevented from attaining a goal – increases as the probability of an aggressive response. Aggressive Stimulus – an object that is associated with aggressive responses and whose
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Unformatted text preview: mere presence can increase the probability of aggression. Social Learning Theory – the idea that we learn social behavior by observing others and imitating them. Scripts – ways of behaving socially that we learn implicitly from our culture. Catharsis – the notion that “blowing off steam” – by performing an aggressive act, watching others engage in aggressive behaviors, or engaging in a fantasy of aggression – relieves built-up aggressive energies and hence reduces the likelihood of further aggressive behavior. The effects of war on combatants versus noncombatants – immediately after a war, combatant countries are more likely to show an increase in violent crimes than are countries not involved in a war. Read for more details on how aggression is learned and developed and if it is instinctual, situational, optional / related to culture / chemical influences / emotions....
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