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BIO 47 - Biology 47 Human Anatomy Lecture 1 Orientation...

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Biology 47 - Human Anatomy Lecture 1 Orientation & Introduction to Anatomy Anatomy : (Greek) anatome ana = “up” ; tome = “cut” Study of : Hippocrates (460 - 377 BC) The nature of the body is the beginning of medical science Hierarchy of Structure: a. Chemical Level (atomic / molecular): Atoms : Molecules : b. Cellular Level : Basic : c. Tissue Level : Groups of similar cells organized to perform : 4 Primary Tissues : 1. 2. 3. 4. d. Organ Level : Tissues organized to perform : e. System Level : Related organs organized to perform : 11 Organ Systems : 1. Integumentary : Skin 2. Skeletal :
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Bones 3. Muscular : 4. Nervous : Brain, nerves, special senses 5. Endocrine : Hormones 6. Cardiovascular : Heart, Blood vessels, Blood 7. Lymphoid : Lymph nodes, organs & vessels 8. Respiratory : Lungs 9. Digestive : Mouth , s tomach, intestine, colon 10. Urinary : Kidney, bladder 11. Reproductive : Ovaries, Testis, uterus, penis
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Cytology : cyto =“ cell ” ; logos = “study of” Study of :
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