Solutions - S.1 Solutions a a solution is a homogenous mixture b three states of solutions 1 solid to liquid 2 liquid to liquid 3 gas to liquid S.2

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Solutions a.) a solution is a homogenous mixture b.) three states of solutions 1. solid to liquid 2. liquid to liquid 3. gas to liquid S.2 Terminilogy Solute: lesser amount, what is dissolved Solvent: greater amount, thing that causes dissolvent Solubility: how much solute will dissolve in a given amount of solvent at a given temp. g solute . 100g solution saturated solution: at solubility limit at a given temperature unsaturated: contribution of a solute is less than the solubility limit supersaturated: exceeds solubility limit miscible: two liquids soluble immiscible: liquids not soluble Dissolving Process – dynamic equilibrium ex: NaCl (s) Na + (aq) + Cl - (aq) S.4 Factors that Determine Solubility 1. strength of intermolecular forces within the solute, within solvent and between the solute and solution (things with similar polarity should be soluble with each other) 2. the partial pressure of a solute gas over a liquid solvent 3. temperature Rate of dissolving 1. Increasing temperature 2. stirring or agitating 3. crushing – increase surface area
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This note was uploaded on 09/02/2011 for the course CHEM 2 taught by Professor Harrison during the Spring '11 term at West Valley.

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Solutions - S.1 Solutions a a solution is a homogenous mixture b three states of solutions 1 solid to liquid 2 liquid to liquid 3 gas to liquid S.2

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