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FINAL REVIEW: POST-MIDTERM The Site of the Workplace: Factories and Food Production Linda Lim, “Capitalism, Imperialism, and Patriarchy: The Dilemma of Third-World Women Workers in Multi-national factories” in Feminist Theory Reader o Analyses the employment of women factory workers by multinational corporations o Capitalism is the prevailing economic system: mode of production based on private ownership of capital (the means of production), employment of wage labor, and production for exchange on a free market to earn private profit o Third world women workers are exploited by their multinational employers with low wages and poor working conditions (exploitation defined as relational- as long as the worker does not receive the full value of her work, it is exploitation; but, higher wage may equal to more work and in that case is still considered exploitation no absolute o ALL workers are exploited in economic terms to produce profits for their employers o Imperialist exploitation- the differential wages paid to workers in developed and developing countries for the same work and output o Patriarchal exploitation - the differential wages paid to male and female workers for similar work and output- deriving from women’s inferior position in the labor market o Patriarchal social structure and culture divide opportunities by sex, typically limiting female wage labor to a narrow range of female jobs BUT the expansion of employment opportunities for women improves their conditions o Exclusive employment of female production workers labor shortage improvements (wages, conditions, security) o Due to lack of access to better jobs, women prefer multinationals over local firms o Capitalism cannot wipe out patriarchy o o Challenge exploitation v. liberation When companies move, it is either exploitation because they are exploiting workers elsewhere or it is liberation because they are offering jobs to people in different places Must understand imperialism, patriarchy, and capitalism o Removing the multinational will reduce employment opportunities for women drastically in developing countries will weaken labor market & more exploitation and patriarchy (multination is GOOD)
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o Relate to Made in LA Factories moving to other countries now due to global capitalism Nutter, “The Structure and Growth of Los Angeles Garment Industry” o La is the powerhouse for sewing shops and they impose illegal and dangerous conditions on the seamstresses (and children) who actually make the clothing o Skewed distribution of power in which only a handful of retailers are at the top; their power is dominant and expanding in LA b o Retailers mimic manufacturers using “backward integration” by taking on many functions of manufacturers: produce private-labels and in-house design with local manufacturers (less money than going through manufacturer brand); employ “forward integration” which blurs the lines
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