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SOC 153 FINAL

SOC 153 FINAL - FINAL REVIEW POST-MIDTERM The Site of the...

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FINAL REVIEW: POST-MIDTERM The Site of the Workplace: Factories and Food Production Linda Lim, “Capitalism, Imperialism, and Patriarchy: The Dilemma of Third-World Women Workers in Multi-national factories” in Feminist Theory Reader o Analyze the employment of women factory workers by multinational corporations o Capitalism is the prevailing economic system: mode of production based on private ownership of capital (the means of production), employment of wage labor, and production for exchange on a free market to earn private profit o Third world women workers are exploited by their multinational employers with low wages and poor working conditions (exploitation defined as relational- as long as the worker does not receive the full value of her work, it is exploitation; but, higher wage may equal to more work and in that case is still considered exploitation no absolute o Capitalist Exploitation - ALL workers are exploited in economic terms to produce profits for their employers- not paid enough for their labor o Imperialist exploitation- the differential wages paid to workers in developed and developing countries for the same work and output are unfair Imperialism- the creation and/or maintenance of an unequal economic, cultural, and territorial relationship, usually between states and often in the form of an empire , based on domination and subordination; the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies o Patriarchal exploitation - the differential wages paid to male and female workers for similar work and output- deriving from women’s inferior position in the labor market. o Patriarchal social structure and culture divide opportunities by sex, typically limiting female wage labor to a narrow range of female jobs BUT the expansion of employment opportunities for women improves their conditions o Exclusive employment of female production workers labor shortage improvements (wages, conditions, security) o Due to lack of access to better jobs, women prefer multinationals over local firms Supports imperialism and globalization o Capitalism cannot wipe out patriarchy o End capitalism, imperialism & patriarchy to end this entire system (ALL 3) o Challenge exploitation v. liberation
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When companies move, it is either exploitation because they are exploiting workers elsewhere or it is liberation because they are offering jobs to people in different places Feminists think exploitation, government thinks liberation Must understand imperialism, patriarchy, and capitalism Conclusion: it is simultaneously exploitative and liberating o Removing the multinational will reduce employment opportunities for women drastically in developing countries will weaken labor market & more exploitation and patriarchy (multination is GOOD) o Relate to Made in LA Factories moving to other countries now due to global capitalism
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