Currie review - Currie 05:16 Chapter1 England:...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Currie 05:16 Crime and Punishment in America Chapter 1 England: British offenders are more likely than Americans to have prior  offenses, or, put another way, America appears to be more inclined than  England to imprison first-time offenders. The evidence suggests that we are more punitive when it comes to property  and drug crimes, but not as far from the norm in punishing violent crimes. We  have an unusually high incarceration rate, then, partly because of our  relatively punitive approach to nonviolent offenses and partly because of our  high level of serious violent crime. On both counts, the fact that we imprison our population at a rate six to ten  times higher than that of other advanced societies means that we rely far  more on our penal system to maintain order- to enforce the rules of our  common social life- than other industrial nations do. Good news is that reported violent crime has declined in the country as a  whole since about 1992. Most criminologists think that incapacitation works better than deterrence in  terms of decreasing crime. But it would be too expensive to throw everyone in  jail. Replacement effect – putting someone in jail gives someone else that spot on  the outside. By incapacitating young, poor men, we were simultaneously generating the  fastest rise in income quality in recent history.  Public administrations cut many of their services- from income benefits to  child protective services.   Invisible Punishment Collateral consequences – the results of arrest, prosecution or conviction that  are not part of the sentence imposed. This includes any unintended or  unforeseen impact of the charge, even in the absence of a conviction or a  trial.
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
o Example: a first-time offender who pleads guilty to felony possession of  marijuana. The offender may be sentenced to a term of probation,  community service, and court costs. He may be ineligible for many  federally-funded health and welfare benefits, food stamps, public housing  and federal educational assistance. His driver’s license may be  automatically suspended and he may no longer qualify for certain  employment and professional licenses. If he is convicted of another crime  he may be subject to imprisonment as a repeat offender. He will not be  permitted to enlist in the military, or possess a firearm, or obtain a federal  security clearance. If a citizen, he may lose the right to vote; if not, he  becomes immediately deportable.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern