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Jesilow Final Reading

Jesilow Final Reading - JesilowFinalReading 05:33...

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Jesilow Final Reading 05:33 Police Socialization: A Longitudinal Examination of Job Attitudes in an  Urban Police Department  John Van Maanen Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol. 20, No. 2  (Jun., 1975), pp. 207-228 Contextual Considerations o This study took place in “Union City,” a large urban municipality,  between April 1970 and February 1973. o Most departments attempt to follow the guidelines established by the  President’s Commision on Law Enforcement and the Administration  of Justice (1967). o The Union City “green pea” is male, about 24 years old, white,  married, in excellent health and was raised in or around Union City.  There is a positive likelihood that he has attended college, although  it is doubtful he has a degree. The recruit’s family background is  decidedly—and somewhat surprisingly—middle class. However,  most of his work experience has been in occupations distinctly  below the middle class level and required little in the way of  supervisory duties. o The measurement of motivation is based upon expectancy theory. This  theory assumes the strength of the tendency for an individual to behave in  a particular manner is a function of: the degree to which the person  expects certain outcomes to result from the particular  behavior( expectancy);times the attractiveness to him of the expected  result (valence). o Job Attitudes: The job attitudes of those recruits who quit the study were  compared with those who remained in the study. The examination  revealed very few significant differences between leavers and stayers. o As illustrated, over time, the newcomers’ motivational attitudes declined  significantly. This overall decrease in motivation was primarily due to  decreases in the expectancies.
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o The protracted screening factor associated with police work is a most  critical aspect of the socialization process. The nature of the long, arduous  selection procedure (often taking up to a year or more) representing the  organizational or structural side of what Merton (1957) calls anticipatory  socialization—assures that those who join the occupation will have strong  positive attitudes concerning their job. o Finally, as in most organizations, the police department presents its  most favorable side to individiuals who have yet to take the oath of  office. A potential recruit is made to feel by virtue of the special  attention paid him that he is important and valued by the  organization. Almost 80 percent of recruits reported that they had a  good friend or close relative working in the force. Hence, the 
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