ArtHistory 6cLecture

ArtHistory 6cLecture - 1 2 3 4 5 6 Kinds of art popular...

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March 31, 2009 1. Kinds of art: popular, mass produced, “high” art 2. Power: how is it displayed? Why is the visual language important? 3. Audience: Who? You? Me? Aristocrats? Rich and Power “Regular” people? 4. Display/Reproduction 5. Mass produced vs. unique image 6. “Kitsch” and mass culture? Fine art? Differences? This is the modern world!! It creates and unpacks arguments about our culture. Louis XIV: painting appeals to aristocrats, contains more power because he is the state and the absolute ruler. He is looking directly at you, has the sword in the front (shows his power), no crown because it is assumed he is the king. Obama: appeals to a broader base since we know more about his history. It is simplified and iconic. He is looking towards the future. Looks thoughtful, and the colors are red, white, and blue. Andy Warhol, Double Elvis: Modernity: There are new ways about thinking about the world: a new optimism that frames modernism but also a dark side. Smooth (licked surface): everything meshes together and looks like a photograph. Modern is constructed out of sense of differences. By modernity I feel the contingent that is to say that something happens because there is something else is there. A response. One thing that depends on another. The other half is eternal and immutable and is unchangeable. Modernism: the belief that something can change and shift. We believe that we change something and make our own happiness. Reason and science have taken its place. People realize their roles are not predetermined. Equality is a modern idea. It is an idea that carries on. There is an underlying strangeness in the modern world. Things are always changing Nature becomes modern. Fine art: we are always looking for it. April 2, 2009 Transitions: From landed gentry to nobility to living in the cities (Paris) Baroque to Rococo to Neoclassicism
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From stable, cyclical world to a constantly shifting, unstable, and revolutionary world. France: “the king is the state” to “the people are the state.” We call it the French Revolution, 1789 First estate: clergy (they collect taxes, censor books, help the poor, set moral standards) Second estate: French nobility except the king (who is outside the Estates. 5% of the population, they are exempt from taxes. Third Estate: everyone else (97% of the French population who posses 40% of the land). Because of the wealth of the bourgeoisie, the working class and rural poor held little power. The Third Estate comes to represent the bourgeoisie (the middle class as opposed to the working class). Hyancinthe Rigaud, Louis XIV, 1701: absolutism, Divine Right, power. Justice under his right arm which shows that he controls the justice system. John Singleton Copley, Samuel Adams, 1770-1772:
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ArtHistory 6cLecture - 1 2 3 4 5 6 Kinds of art popular...

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