Anthropology 2 lecture notes

Anthropology 2 lecture notes - What anthropologists think...

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September 25, 2009 What anthropologists think: Unified vision of human life: biology, society, culture Universals and particulars: studies of smaller groups Question the assumptions Reflect upon our own society Ethnography: participation in and study of the daily life of other people. To understand what is “taken-for-granted” Techniques: Observation and participation Conversation and interviews Archives and documents Field journal What anthropologists study: Elsewhere The other Daily life Culture Where anthropologists work: Development (NGOs, Banks) Governments- work on natural resources, agriculture, etc. Universities Business http://www.anth.ucsb.edu/classes/anth2/ September 28, 2009 The Four Fields of Anthropology: 1. Physical/Biological Anthropology Human biological diversity: evolution of bodies genetics plasticity: difference between males and females. High altitudes, low altitudes. How much does the body change by living in the world? Primatology: study of primates. How they communicate, parent, etc.
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Reconstruct cultural/social aspects of human evolution. 2. Archeology Deals with pre-history minus written documents. Artifacts: Deposition: how artifacts are deposited at a site. Stratigraphy: layers. Allows you to link sites in time. Perseveration: how long has the object been preserved. Materiality of Archeology: Environment/economy Long-term social change Social relations? Ideas? “Love is fleeting, stone tools are forever” 3. Linguistics Historical linguistics: Ancient languages Variation through time Sociolinguistics: Relationships between social and linguistic variation. 4. Social/Cultural Anthropology Ethnography: Fieldwork in a particular culture Descriptive Specific Ethnology: Cross cultural comparison Synthetic Based on already collected data. Humans in time and space Anatomically modern humans 200,000 years Agriculture 10,000 years Complex societies 6,000 years Industrial Revolution 200 years Computers 50 years Genetic engineering 20 years 7 billion people all over the planet.
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Four Field Approach: Carried over the from the early years of the discipline Help us make sound conclusions about “human nature” Comparative method: take results from one place and compare them to another. (Pre) historical perspective. Allows specialists to make generalizations that will be critiqued by the other 4 fields to help make sounder conclusions. Holism and the Four Fields Examples of questions that involve biology, culture and society: What biological changes enabled language? What social effects did language have?
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This note was uploaded on 09/06/2011 for the course ANTHROPOLO 2 taught by Professor Walsh during the Winter '09 term at UCSB.

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Anthropology 2 lecture notes - What anthropologists think...

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