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History 177 Lecture Notes

History 177 Lecture Notes - August 4 2010 California...

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August 4, 2010 California Geography Key Terms: 1. extreme isolation 2. Alta California 3. Mild climate 4. James J. Parsons 5. “Uniqueness of California” 6. winter rain/summer drought 7. Mediterranean climate 8. geographic diversity 9. Sierra Nevada 10. Coast Ranges 11. Transverse Ranges Geography: u 3 rd largest state in size. u 158,000 square miles. u Rich mineral deposits u 3 geographical features have defined California: 1. extreme isolation 2. mild climate 3. geographic diversity Extreme isolation: u shaped California historyàhard to get here u Spain didn’t try to colonize until the 1770s u Very few colonization u Native Americans have more time in isolation. u A lot of federal lands Mild Climate: u Can have extreme climates throughout the state (Death Valley, Truckee, etc.) u Part of California History u James J. Parsons, Professor at Berkeley, wrote the Uniqueness of Californiaàwinter rain and summer drought u Wet monthsàNovember to March u Mediterranean climateàwinter rain and summer drought u San Diego has the most consistent climate of any city in the United States Geographic diversity: u 10 different vegetation zones u Transverse ranges that ran east and west u Big North-South Ranges
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Mojave Desertàlow to high desert California Geography: u Mojave desert u Death valley u Mount Whitney u San Andreas fault-biggest fault in California. Where the Continental and North American Plates meet u State Geologist’s Report (1966)àCalifornia is still an uneasy land and plate tectonics suggest that it is home to two plates going opposite directions (North and South) u Lassen PeakàVolcano that consistently erupted from 1914-1921 u Mono Lake u Wawona Treeàhollowed out and cars could drive it. Yosemite National Park. Fell down in 1969. u 2 nd state with the most shoreline u Death Valleyàlowest spot on the continent u Mount Whitneyàhighest point on the continent u 39 minerals found here that are found no where elseàquartz, crystals, August 4, 2010 California Indian Overview: Key Terms: 1. Beringia Theory-idea that there was enough ice in ocean to allow a land pass from Alaska to Siberia in the Bering Strait. 2. Radiocarbon dating-dates organic material only. Used to date bones, plants, etc. 3. Multiple migrations, different times, different routes: idea that not all Indians came down in the Beringia at once. Idea that some came across the Pacific Ocean in Island Hopping. 4. Stone Age- what most Californian Indians lived in. Made tools out of stone and bone. No use of metals or other minerals besides bones and stone for tools. 5. subsistence economies- took what they needed and did not take more (surpluses). California geography and climate played a role in this. 6. tribelets: independent tribes. Geographic isolation is the key to why they remained isolated and independent.
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History 177 Lecture Notes - August 4 2010 California...

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