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Unformatted text preview: Islamic States • Islam is more than a religion- Islam provides a complete program for ordering society. • Islam prescribes a legal system, the source of social rules, and a political ideology- it transcends race, language and political borders. It is Islamism as a political ideology that makes these countries distinct. • 26 mainly North African and the Middle Eastern countries. Common Themes: • Patrimonialism and Personalism= leadership develops around a dominant figure • Islamic Law: Shari’a= mixed use with Western law, varies across states • Social divisions: two major sects” Shi’ah and Sunni (most Sunni), economic inequality, and gender inequality • Separation of Church and State: Iraq/ Turkey vs Iran?Pakistan/Saudi Arabia. Divisions in the Arab and Islamic World The Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988): • Territory • Islamic Nationalism vs Secular Arab Nationalism • Ethnicity (majority in Iraq are Shi’ah) • Leadership (Saddam Hussein) Israel and Palestine: • Egypt/Camp David Accords/ Muslim Brotherhood Afghanistan/The Taliban/ Al Qaeda/Extremism: • Iran called Taliban policies “medieval” The Kurds: • Mostly Sunni • Non-Arabic • Own Language • Own Culture • 1920 Treaty of Sevres (Iraq/Syria/Kuwait) • Nationalism and the Separatist Movement-Fighting with Turkey Saudi Arabia: • One of the most conservative nations in the world • Religious police charged with enforcing norms of behavior...
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- Spring '11
- Reza Shah, Reza Khan, Reza Shah Pahlavi, Turkey vs Iran