PS 6- South Africa

PS 6- South Africa - South Africa South Africa 44M people...

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South Africa South Africa: 44M people 7 th highest GDP/capita in Africa Dual economy; large poor population HIV-AIDS epidemic Multi-ethnic Polity History of Apartheid Parliamentary Democracy with strong President President Motlanthe (September 25, 2008) Linguistically diverse-11 official languages 80% black (9 official langauages) Nine regions 80% Christian Economic development and democracy: Industrialization prior to the end of Apartheid and universal suffrage Economic liberalization/economic growth Existence of a welfare state Two class system: severe economic inequality (Gini=.72 in 2001) African unemployment more than 28% 45% of South Africans live in poverty Severe racial inequality in education, health, housing and land ownership (especially agriculture) HIV AIDS 30% of pregnant women are infected with HIV 20% of the population over 2 years old is HIV positive Dominant cause of death~ 350,000 year/ 1,000 a day AIDS estimated to kill 5-7 million in the next decade.
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