Module 4 Worldview Table Assignment

Module 4 Worldview Table Assignment - CWV 101, Module 4...

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CWV 101, Module 4 Worldview Tables Assignment Directions: Complete the “Atheistic Existentialism” column in the table below by filling in the cells from information provided in the textbook. Table 1 Assumption Naturalism Secular Humanism Atheistic Existentialism Eastern Pantheis m New Age Christianity Reality Atheistic Existentialism is, simply put, the philosophy of mere existence. It falls under the rubric of Secularism, having an ontological position involving a denial or exclusion of transcendent, supernatural realities. It rejects the idea that there is any Truth, only particular truths; it rejects the idea of any objective absolutes, stating that "existence precedes essence." It maintains an anti- supernaturalist posture, holding that subjective existence has primacy over any sub-stratum of the supernatural. Without any absolute basis, morality is subjective and reduced to preferences; without design or purpose, life, as pure existence, has no meaning, and is absurd. There is no God. The devote their lives to science, nature, or matter. Knowledge The thought of the major existential philosophers of the twentieth century grew out of the phenomenology of Husserl, which attempted to critique positivism and psychologist by grounding all perception,
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CWV 101, Module 4 Worldview Tables Assignment experience, and knowledge in structures of human consciousness. Husserl stressed that being is always being for a consciousness, or that consciousness is always consciousness of something. Heidegger transformed this into the core existential notion that being is always being, not for a pure consciousness, but rather for a concrete existence. This means that consciousness is a property of human existence (Dasein), which has "being- in-the-world" and so exists in a historical context. Human nature Sartre once said "existence precedes essence". What he meant was that, first of all, man exists (e.g. appears on the scene) and only afterwards defines himself. If man, as the existentialist conceives him, is indefinable, it is because at first he is nothing. Only afterward will he be something, and he himself will have made what he will be. Thus, there is no human nature, since there is no God to conceive it. Not only is man what he conceives himself to be, but he is also only what he wills himself to
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Module 4 Worldview Table Assignment - CWV 101, Module 4...

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