ROMANOVS_WhatReallyHappened - What Really Happened to the...

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What Really Happened to the Romanovs February 1917 Conditions for Russian soldiers on the battle-front against the German and Austro-Hungarian armies have reached breaking-point. Demonstrations and workers’ strikes spread through most Russian cities, including Moscow and Petrograd. 2 March 1917 Nicholas II abdicates, naming his brother Mikhail as the heir to the Russian throne, passing over his own son, Alexei, whom he believes to be too young and frail to withstand the strain of leading the country. 3 March 1917 Mikhail, believing the situation to be already too far gone, refuses to accept the throne. 4 March 1917 Nicholas II and his family are placed under house arrest at the Tsarskoye Selo estate outside Petrograd. A plan is worked out to transport the family into exile in Britain. After a wave of public protest, the British government rescinds the offer. May–June 1917 Protests and strikes continue. Food and fuel shortages lead to widespread looting. 16 June 1917 The Russian Army launches an all-out assault on the Austro-Hungarian Front. This attack turns into a major defeat for the Russians. 1 August 1917 With conditions worsening in Petrograd, the provisional government decides to move the Romanov family, along with their personal doctors, nurses and private tutors for the children, to the Siberian city of Tobolsk. By 6 August, the family are living in a mansion belonging to the former governor of Tobolsk. a note on dates: On February 1st, 1918, Russia switched from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar, which was in use elsewhere in the world. The Julian system was 12 days behind the Gregorian until March of 1900, after which it was 13 days behind. For the sake of accuracy, the dates listed are what the Russians themselves would have used, being from the Julian calendar until the time the switch was made, and thereafter from the Gregorian calendar.
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20 November 1917 Russia begins surrender talks with Germany. 16 December 1917 The revolutionary government orders the restructuring of the army. All officers are to be elected democratically and the military ranking system is abolished. 23 February 1918 Pravda, the Communist Party newspaper, demands stricter conditions of confinement for the Romanovs. The Romanov family is placed on army rations and told that they will be moved to an even more remote location – the town of Ekaterinburg, east of the Ural mountains. 30 April 1918 Policed by Red Guards under the command of Commissar Yakovlev, the Ro- manovs and a few members of their household staff arrive by train in Ekat- erinburg. When they arrive at the station, they are met by a large and hostile crowd, who demand that the Romanovs be killed. The Romanovs are interned in the house of a local merchant named Ipatiev. A tall stockade fence is built around the house and the windows on the upper floors are whitewashed to prevent anyone seeing in or out. Guards for the Ipatiev House are recruited from among local factory workers in Ekaterinburg. 22 May 1918
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This note was uploaded on 09/02/2011 for the course SOCIO 201 taught by Professor Johnsmith during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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ROMANOVS_WhatReallyHappened - What Really Happened to the...

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