6089186-Good-Governance

6089186-Good-Governance - WHAT IS GOOD GOVERNANCE? * P....

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* P. Madhu. The concept of good governance is rather new and came into usage since early 90’s. Good governance is a conditionality for receiving international funding assistance either as credit or grant. The World agencies like World Bank, UNDP, ESCAP, OECD, IMF, WTO and others prescribe the ideals of participation, rule of law, effectiveness, efficiency, accountability, transparency, openness, predictability, responsiveness, equity and inclusiveness as the central aspect of good governance. The premise of the good governance argument is that structural adjustment without good governance may not be successful. To quote from the OECD-DAC synthesis of expert group report titled “The evaluation of programs promoting participatory development and Good Governance”: Two generations of conditionality can be distinguished. The first, propagated by the Bretton Woods Institutions since the early 1980s, is related to structural adjustment programs that have, as their prime objectives, administrative reform, budget balance and market liberalization. In the 1990s, aid donors have also increasingly made official development aid conditional on political reform within recipient countries. The objectives of this second generation of political conditionality are to promote democracy, the rule of law, human rights and good governance. (Page 78). The notion of good has its trajectory of usage. In the ancient literature that which is substantially good is called good. Good was used in this sense in Plato. Good was explained in terms of virtue and motive in Aristotle. Later good and bad was replaced by right and wrong. In the post-Kantian era good was explained in terms of action and later with the outcome of action. Max Weber notes that as an effect to the emergence of bureaucratic rationality good was defined in terms of following bureaucratic norms rules and regulations. The triumph of form over substance in the bureaucratic logic formally following rules irrespective of its consequences was widely accepted. It is in the present era of market the concept of good has been reinterpreted in terms of profit. Along with the trajectory of the construction of the notion of good, one can observe the goal of governance and the constitution of state have also been changing. The goal of governance was changing from well-being of the citizens to maintenance of * The paper is written based on the author’s lecture sessions on “Good Governance” in the years 2002 and 2003 at Kerala Institute of Local Administration, Thrissur, India, This article was published in the website www.kilaonline.org in 2003. Later a version of this paper was translated into Malayalam and published in Kila Maganize, Vol.1, Issue 1, in 2003. The article translated in Malayalam was republished in a Malayalam journal “Trade Union” in May(?) 2005. “Trade Union” is a publication of AITUC, a trade union wing of Communist Party of India. The paper is written based on the author’s lecture sessions on “Good Governance” at Kerala Institute of Local Administration, Thrissur, India. . 1
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6089186-Good-Governance - WHAT IS GOOD GOVERNANCE? * P....

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