MeasuringGovernance

MeasuringGovernance - Measuring Governance: Possibilities...

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1 Measuring Governance: Possibilities and Pitfalls Presentation at the Center for Global Development Washington, D.C., December 1 st , 2006 Daniel Kaufmann, Aart Kraay, and Massimo Mastruzzi www.govindicators.org The World Bank
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2 A Decade of Measuring Governance Governance Matters V: Update on Worldwide Governance Indicators Project updated indicators for 2005 move to annual frequency release of (almost) all underlying data sources Examples of uses of the WGI indicators Important lessons for users of all types of governance indicators: measurement error is pervasive different indicators serve different purposes alternative indicators are complementary links from policy actions to outcomes are complex
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3 Worldwide Governance Indicators Project Defining Governance Broadly Governance consists of the traditions and institutions by which authority in a country is exercised. This includes the process by which governments are selected, monitored and replaced, the capacity of the government to effectively formulate and implement sound policies, and the respect of citizens and the state for the institutions that govern economic and social interactions among them.
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4 Worldwide Governance Indicators Project Six aggregate governance indicators covering 213 countries over past decade Voice and Accountability Political Stability/Absence of Violence Government Effectiveness Regulatory Quality Rule of Law Control of Corruption Based on 31 data sources from 25 organizations, capturing views of thousands of informed stakeholders Widely used by policymakers and researchers to study causes and consequences of good governance
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5 2006 Update of Worldwide Governance Indicators: Key Features Move to annual data complement biannual data 1996-2004 with annual data for 2003, 2005 continue reporting data annually in future First-time access to data underlying aggregate indicators hundreds of individual indicators over past decade one of the largest on-line governance data resources at www.govindicators.org
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6 Sources of Governance Data Cross-Country Surveys of Firms: Global Competitiveness Survey, World Business Environment Survey, World Competitiveness Yearbook, BEEPS Cross-Country Surveys of Individuals: Gallup International Voice of the People, Latinobarometro, Afrobarometer Expert Assessments from Commercial Risk Rating Agencies: DRI, PRS, EIU, World Markets Online, Merchant International Group, IJET Travel Consultancy, PERC Expert Assessments from NGOs, Think Tanks: Reporters Without Borders, Heritage Foundation, Freedom House, Amnesty International, Bertelsmann Foundation, Columbia University, International Research and Exchanges Board Expert Assessments from Governments, Multilaterals : World Bank CPIA, EBRD, AFDB, ADB, State Dept. Human Rights Report, Trafficking in Persons Report
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7 Examples of Governance Questions 1. Expert assessment polls
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MeasuringGovernance - Measuring Governance: Possibilities...

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