Business strive for high production at low cost.
This would result in the highest
profit for a company.
To many businesses, this is only a mirage.
This is because
the 'low cost' of the business usually results in a 'high cost' for the employees.
This high cost is
lower quality workplace items, lower salaries, less benefits,
These costs create an upset workplace environment.
Companies understand that
the more efficient their workers are, the more productive their business will
Although this will take lots of money at first, the result will be extreme
There exist many different things in the workplace that add to stress and injuries.
They range from lifting heavy boxes to typing too much on the keyboard.
will be focusing on the principals of ergonomics in the computer workstation.
According to the Board of Certification for Professional Ergonomists (BCPE), the
definition of ergonomics "is a body of knowledge about human abilities, human
limitations and human characteristics that are relevant to design.
design is the application of this body of knowledge to the design of tools,
machines, systems, tasks, jobs, and environments for safe, comfortable and
effective human use."(BCPE, 1993)
In the average computer workstation, employees
are prone to over a dozen hazards.
There exist two factors that can prevent this:
forming good work habits and ergonomically designed computer workstations.
preventions throughout the paper.
First, a few terms may need defining.
Repetitive Strain Injuries (RSI) takes place
from the repeated physical movements of certain body parts which results in damage
to tendons, nerves, muscles, and other soft body tissues.
If these injuries are
not taken care of immediately, permanent damage could be done.
A few common
results of RSI's that were not taken care of right away are injuries like Carpal
Tunnel Syndrome, Tendentious, Tenosynovitis, DeQuervain's Syndrome, Thoracic Outlet
All of these are able to be prevented by the use of good working
habits and ergonomic engineering.i
Usually, ergonomically designing a computer workstation would cost about $1000.
This expense could be eliminated by the formation of good work habits.
essential for the safety of computer terminal employees.
There exist a number of
precautions that can be taken into consideration when dealing with a computer
We shall discuss six of them.
First, the whole body must be relaxed.
The correct posture is shown in Figure 1.
Notice that the arms and thighs are parallel to the floor and the feet are flat on
Also notice that the wrists are not bent in any way.
This is one of
the most damaged parts of the body when speaking of (RSI).
The wrists, when typing, should not be rested on anything when typing.
cause someone to stretch their fingers to hit keys.
They should also be straight:
not bent up, down, or to the side.
The correct position is portrayed in figure 2,