MOSSAD.edited.docx - Running head OPERATIONS OF THE MOSSAD...

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Running head: OPERATIONS OF THE MOSSAD before 1990 1 Operations of the Mossad before 1990
OPERATIONS OF THE MOSSAD before 1990 2 Operations of the Mossad before 1990 Introduction The national intelligence agency of any country is one of the critical steps to maintaining the sovereignty of that state. The Israeli Defense Forces, Aman, is the intelligence gathering unit for the military and is supplemented by the Mossad, which is the foreign intelligence service (Kober, 2008). Shin Bet is the internal security service covering domestic Israel security and the occupied territories together with the National Police Border Guards. The focus of this discussion is the Mossad (The Institute for Intelligence and Special Operations). The paramount aim of these agencies is to protect Israel and its citizens. Despite this stated noble aims, historical accounts are replete with documentation on the unique legal operations of the Mossad, which resulted in the death of civilians. The paper focuses on a series of actions in the years before 1990. The Israeli intelligence agency answers directly to the Prime Minister and has an intriguing motto that “By way of deception thou shalt make war” (Richelson, 2007). According to its website, its job is to “collect information, analyze intelligence, and perform special covert operations beyond [Israel's] borders” (Richelson, 2007). The Mossad bears a sturdy reputation as the second-largest sector intelligence agency in the Western world after the Central Intelligence Agency (C.I.A) on covert operations (Richelson, 2007). This paper examines its operations from a historical lens. Mossad Operation Bren -1954
OPERATIONS OF THE MOSSAD before 1990 3 The 1954 ‘Operation Brien’ informs one of the initial operations of the Mossad following its establishment. The mission took place in 1954 in Austria, Vienna (Siskind, 2020). The purpose of the mission was to abduct an Israeli military officer who had been accused of selling classified intelligence information of the Israeli military operations. One female Mossad agent was deployed to Track the Israeli officer in Vienna. The mission was a success as the female Mossad agent was capable of luring the officer. The officer was subsequently kidnapped and later flown to Israeli through an Israeli military plane. The officer, however, died as a result of an overdose. Mossad and the Moroccan Jews- 1956 In 1956, the Mossad was critical in the rescue of some Moroccan Jews (Bin-Nun). Following the issuance of a ban on immigration to Israel, the Mossad sneaked to Morocco and smuggled the Jews into Israel (Usuki, 1995). The conduct of this operation was based on a secretive network that had been established by the Mossad in Morocco (Bin-Nun). With this, the Mossad could track the Moroccan Jews and secretly let them out of Morocco (Usuki, 1995).

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