CH_3_NOTES - BIOL 1111 Chapter 3 3.1 Introduction to...

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BIOL 1111 Chapter 3 3.1 Introduction to Organic Compounds A. Organic Compound B. Hydrocarbon C. Carbon Skeleton and examples 3.2 Characteristic chemical groups (Table 3.2) A. What is a functional group? B. Hydrophilic C. Six major functional groups: (draw examples). Give function a. Hydroxyl groups b. Carbonyl groups c. Carboxyl groups d. Amino groups
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e. Phosphate groups f. Methyl group 3.3 Cells make large molecules from small molecules A. What is a macromolecule? B. Define polymer vs monomer. C. Diversity of polymers D. Compare dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis a. Dehydration synthesis (draw) b. Hydrolysis (draw) CARBOHYDRATES
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3.4 Monosaccharides are the simplest carbohydrates A. What is a carbohydrate? B. Define monosaccharide. a. General formula b. Classic example c. Trademarks of a Sugar d. Sugar isomers e. Primary function of Monosaccharides 3.5 Disaccharides A. Define disaccharide B. Give examples
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C. Most common disaccharide 3.6 Sugar and Obesity 3.7 Polysaccharides A. Define polysaccharide B. Common types: a. Starch b. Glycogen c. Cellulose d. Chitin LIPIDS 3.8 Farts and Energy A. Define lipid
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B. Hydrophobic
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