PO 101 Chapter One Book Notes

PO 101 Chapter One Book Notes - PO 101 Chapter One Book...

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PO 101 Chapter One Book Notes Whether the issue in question is dramatic or mundane, if it engages the public interest and if its outcome affects the community as well as individuals within it, it is political. Politics and Everyday Life Politics is about the way human beings govern and are governed. Basic Concepts Politics is defined as “the art of the possible” the “study of who gets what, when and how” and as the ‘authoritative allocation of values”. Political science is the systematic study of politics and has a lexicon and language all its own. Politics involves power, order and justice. Power Power – Ability to make and enforce rules and to influence the behavior of individuals or groups by rewarding or punishing certain behaviors. Many different power sources – navy, booming economy, vast oil resources etc. Can be defined in material terms – population size, armies and national wealth. Hard power = refers to means and instruments of brute force or coercion, primarily military and economic clout. Soft power is “attractive” rather than coercive. It refers to the important ability to get others to want what you want. Authority stems from the norms that are recognized and embraced by the vast majority of society’s member. Authority implies legitimacy. Legitimacy - a condition in which power is exercised thru established institutions and according to rules that are freely accepted by the people as right and proper. Legitimate as long as ruled recognize the ruler’s right to rule. Legitimate Authority – isn’t whether if people have the right to vote or to strike or to dissent openly, but how much value people attach to these rights. Power can be seized, authority cannot be, and it can only be asserted or claimed. Claiming authority is useless without the power to enforce it Order Order - Denotes the structures, rules, rituals, procedures and practices that comprise a political system. Political system - Built upon foundations of the social order/society. Community – association of individuals who share a common identity. Social contract theory – notion that the right to rule is based on the consent of the governed. Nature with capital N is a kind of ultimate truth that in the eyes of social contract theorist can be known thru a combo of reasons and observation. In this theory people also have the right to revolt if ruler turns oppressive. Government is the human invention by which societies are ruled and binding rules are made. Republics – Sovereignty ultimately resides in the people and governments such as monarchies or tyrannies in which sovereignty rests with the rulers. The state is the sole repository of sovereignty. Sovereign state - community with well defined territorial boundaries administered by a single
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This note was uploaded on 09/03/2011 for the course CAS PO 101 taught by Professor Elsherif during the Spring '07 term at BU.

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PO 101 Chapter One Book Notes - PO 101 Chapter One Book...

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