PO 241 - Chapter 9 Notes

PO 241 - Chapter 9 Notes - Cochran Chapter 9 Notes 2...

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Cochran Chapter 9 Notes 2 principles found education policy in us: 1) education should be free and universal 2) Control over education should be centered on the local level Tradition of Free Public Education Jeffersonian thought embodied 3 educational goals: 1) provide mass literacy training 2) expand access to education to all children without regard to social background and to open positions of leadership to those with high levels of educational achievement 3) Provide for an educational system in which leaders could be trained in US and not Europe (reflects free public education system of US) Free education maintains existing social order and means to enable public to make choices consistent with democratic values and maintain stability of republic. Free education system promotes integration of immigrants. Education increase sense of nationalism. Tradition of Local Control Education evolved at local district level. Community control. Fed control seen as inappropriate exercise of national power Emerging Role for State Governments Create local school districts. State funding for schools - state has control over education policy Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965: Expanding Fed Policy Role Fed aid legislation to school failed to pass because of two areas of social conflict: public education vs. private sectarian education (problem of separation of church and state) and integrated vs. segregated schools (problem of racial discrimination. Increase in fed $ would equalize help per pupil spending across geographical regions and eliminate source of inequality. NAACP and liberal groups oppose fed aid to segregated schools.1964 Johnson adopted approach that used categorical assistance programs. 1965 Elementary and Secondary Education Act – fed funding to local public schools. Gave aid to children but not to schools, law authorized funds to parochial schools for the purchase of nonreligious textbooks and library materials, excluded salaries Intergovernmental Conflict on ESEA Fed financial aid relatively minor. Fed government today accounts for less than 8% funding for public schools. 92% if education revenue provide by state and local sources. ESEA expand fed role but no increase in fed dollars – ‘unfunded mandates”. States must comply with additional fed regulations without providing a significant increase in fed funding dollars. Because states give more $ nearly 49%, more control Fed Role in Higher Education Higher education often tax supported. 1862 Morrill Act – rapid and extensive development of public higher education. Increased public support for universities. Fed research grants give them power over universities Issue of Unequal Financial Resources Primarily property tax generates over 40% of elementary and secondary school revenues. Local school district funds are limited by values of taxable property. Unequal distribution of resources works to disadvantage of residents of poor districts. Revenue – product of tax rate multiplied by value of taxable property (tax base). Less wealthy districts
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This note was uploaded on 09/03/2011 for the course CAS PO 241 taught by Professor Rossell during the Spring '06 term at BU.

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PO 241 - Chapter 9 Notes - Cochran Chapter 9 Notes 2...

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