PO 241 - Midterm 2 Essay Questions

PO 241 - Midterm 2 Essay Questions - 1 Summarize what we...

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1. Summarize what we know about the ability of low skilled, low functioning women with children to find and pay for childcare and the characteristics of that childcare. What do we know about the effects of childcare on children? What are some proposed solutions. Since low skilled, low functioning women are often paid minimum wage and sometimes even work multiple jobs to support their families and children, they often do not have time to take care of their children and do not have the means to pay for high functioning childcare. Low income families often patch together a variety of formal and informal childcare to fit their work hours and to meet their child’s needs. The majority of the childcare that low income family children receive are usually informal care, care provided by relatives or neighbors. First let’s examine the informal and formal childcare that low functioning women offer their children as illustrated in Knox, London and Scot’s article “Welfare Reform, Work, and Childcare”. The extent of the formal childcare that low income women gave their children in this article where mainly limited to forms of childcare that did not impose a great financial cost to mothers. Children were often sent to boys and girls club in the after school or at community centers. These forms of formal care were often coupled with informal care. Informal care often worked better for mothers because the hours were more flexible than child care centers. However, informal child care was often unstable due to parent’s work hours and the availability of the informal child care provider. Also, informal care was unsafe at times, especially when older siblings were left alone and in charge with younger siblings while the mother was at work. While formal care is ideal, Knox, London and Scot point out that most low income families relied on informal care mainly because formal center based care was often beyond their reach. Center care is hard to find in low income neighborhoods and often too costly unless subsidized and many low income women faced hassles in obtaining child care subsidies. It was just easier for them to use informal care. Also, the type of childcare (formal or informal) can have positive or negative effects on children. Linda Jacobson’s “Research Updates Lives of Perry Preschoolers” is one example of the positive effects that formal childcare in the form of preschool can have on children. Research shows that the children who attended Perry four decades ago continue to be more law abiding, earn higher incomes and have more stable home lives than children who had no formal preschool care. While it can be argued that the Perry preschoolers did not exactly live a misdemeanor free life, the rate of arrests and misfeasors of Perry preschoolers is significantly lower than that of people who had no formal preschool care. Preschool care also has educational benefits. Results show that more students who attended Perry graduated high school and have stable jobs in comparisons to those that did not. Also Wolfe and Vandell state that a substantial body of child care research during the past 20 ears has
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This note was uploaded on 09/03/2011 for the course CAS PO 241 taught by Professor Rossell during the Spring '06 term at BU.

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PO 241 - Midterm 2 Essay Questions - 1 Summarize what we...

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