4_2006_Cotonou_revisions

4_2006_Cotonou_revisions - Information Note on the Revision...

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Information Note on the Revision of the Cotonou Agreement Context The Cotonou Agreement was concluded for a twenty-year period from March 2000 to February 2020. It entered into force in April 2003, following a three-year transitional period due to ratification deadlines. While preserving the ‘acquis’ of twenty-five years of EU-ACP relations, the Cotonou Agreement introduced radical changes and ambitious objectives to a number of areas of EU-ACP cooperation. The Agreement is based on five interdependent pillars with the underlying objective of: the fight against poverty, an enhanced political dimension, increased participation, a more strategic approach to cooperation focusing on poverty reduction, new economic and trade partnerships and improved financial cooperation. A revision clause, article 95 of the Cotonou Agreement, foresees that the Agreement is adapted every five years (with the exception of the economic and trade provisions, for which there is a special review procedure). In accordance with Article 95, at the end of February 2004, EU and ACP partners notified the provisions of the Agreement they wished to amend. The negotiations were launched at the ACP-EU Council of Ministers in Gaborone in May 2004 and were concluded on 23 February 2005. Results of the Negotiations The Cotonou Agreement is a global and exemplary agreement which often serves as a model for other EU agreements with third parties. The EU objective in the review process was not to call into question the fundamental acquis of the Cotonou Agreement, but rather to enhance the effectiveness and quality of the EU-ACP partnership. Accordingly, the proposed amendments were deliberately limited to technical or minor adjustments, with a particular emphasis on improving implementation of the Agreement and ensuring its consistency with a number of political commitments recently undertaken by the EU. After ten months of negotiations, a global agreement was reached on 23 February at a final ACP-EU Ministerial Conference. The points of agreement can be broadly grouped into the political dimension, development strategies, Investment Facility and implementation and management procedures. 1. The political dimension The Cotonou revision provided the opportunity to put into practice certain recent security commitments undertaken at international level. In addition, an agreement was reached on the establishment of a more systematic and formal political dialogue. The points of agreement were as follows: - Political dialogue on the essential elements and consultation procedure under Article 96 of the Cotonou Agreement: the revised Cotonou Agreement makes provision for a more systematic and formal dialogue under article 8 in relation to the three essential elements (human rights, democratic principles and the rule of law). Furthermore, this dialogue must now be held before the consultation procedure provided for by Article 96 can be launched.
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This note was uploaded on 09/03/2011 for the course LAW 211 taught by Professor Lenaghan during the Fall '10 term at University of Western States.

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4_2006_Cotonou_revisions - Information Note on the Revision...

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