Running head: Analysis of Historical Eras3The Enlightenment period as a time for European politics, philosophy, science, and communications was being radically reoriented. The Enlightenment period was also known as “The Age of Reason”. Thinkers of tis time questioned traditional authority and embraced the notion that humanity could be improved through rational change. Educational thinkers prefer the educational system rationalized. The American and French Revolutions were directly inspired by Enlightenment ideals. In contrast was the modernity era where education was not precedence. During the modernity era, education accepted an individual necessity. Both time periods in history provided many comparisons and contrasts that is evident.Enlightenment EraThe Enlightenment era was a time when science blossomed and revolutions occurred. During this time several major ideas became popular. There was a growth of skepticism toward monarchs, and particularly the absolute monarchy. Individuals during this era “grew weary of religious authorities having strong political power and the idea of religious freedom was becoming more and more popular” (Jarus, 2019). “The Enlightenment produced numerous books, essays, inventions, scientific discoveries, laws, wars and revolutions. The American and French Revolutions were directly inspired by Enlightenment ideals and respectively marked the peak of its influence and the beginning of its decline” (History, 2019). The Enlightenment era was vital because educational thinkers desired and practice to improve humanity through new ideas, reason, and science. During this time period there were many influential thinkers and figures. However, one can see the Enlightenment as not one single, unified area. Individual Enlightenment thinkers often had very different approaches. These thinkers include Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Thomas Jefferson, Mary Wollstonecraft, and Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi.