Exam 4, sample

Exam 4, sample - UNIT 4 Practice Test Questions(CH52-56...

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Page 1 UNIT 4 Practice Test Questions (CH52-56) Answer Key on Last Page Behavioral Ecology 1. The choices an organism makes in interacting with its biotic and abiotic environment is best described as: A) Population ecology B) Behavioral ecology C) Community ecology D) the study of biogeography. E) Ecosystem analysis. 2. Animals can improve survival and reproductive success by having exclusive use of the resources of their habitat by establishing a(n) A) fence. B) habitat. C) territory. D) optimality model. E) nest. 3. Which of the following is not a component of the cost of an animal performing a behavior? A) How much energy is expended. B) The probability of being injured C) Taking time away to do another activity. D) The chance of being attacked by a predator E) Time spent determining whether or not it is the right thing to do. 4. An almost universal cost associated with group living is A) increased risk of predation. B) increased foraging success. C) higher exposure to diseases and parasites. D) poorer access to mates. E) increased range for foraging. 5. Which is not true concerning foraging behavior? A) Efficient foragers spend less time fulfilling their energy needs than inefficient ones. B) Superior foragers will generally produce more surviving offspring. C) A successful predator will choose its prey in such a way as to maximize its energy intake. D) An efficient predator will always choose the largest prey. E) The ability of a predator to discriminate among prey items has a genetic basis. 6. A behavior exhibited by an organism: A) has a high cost, low benefit ratio B) refers to the objective of the behavior and the choices that would best achieve it. C) has been molded by natural selection. D) is to always take the path of least resistance no matter the cost. E) both B and C are correct. 7. Kin selection is A) mating between relatives. B) the adoption of young by an unrelated adult. C) the ability to recognize one's relatives in a social group. D) a behavior that increases the survivorship of an individual's relatives. E) only found among social mammals. 8. You observe an example of an apparently altruistic act by an animal that seems to reduce its near-term likelihood of reproductive success. What would be the least plausible explanation for its behavior? A) The act aids the reproductive success of individuals sharing a high proportion of genes with the altruistic individual. B) The act is only apparently altruistic; over the long term, the behavior actually contributes to individual fitness. C) The act increases the inclusive fitness of the animal performing it. D) The act is advantageous because it helps the population to survive and reproduce, even if the altruist itself does not. 9. Male courtship behavior accomplishes all of the following except
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Exam 4, sample - UNIT 4 Practice Test Questions(CH52-56...

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