LOADBEARING SYSTEMS

LOADBEARING SYSTEMS - \ R L F R E D M E I S T E R M R N N \...

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Unformatted text preview: \ R L F R E D M E I S T E R M R N N \ C O N T E N T S \\Foreword _7 \\Loads and forces _9 \\Loadbearing structures and statics g \\Forces _9 \\Statical system _10 \\External forces _1 I \\Internal forces _lB \\Dimensioning _28 \\ Structural elements _3b \\Cantilever arm, simply supported beam, simply supported beam with cantilever arm 35 \\ Continuous beam _37 \\Articulated beam _3g \\Ttussed beam _40 \\Lattice _41 \\Slab _44 \\Column _46 \\Cable _49 \\Arch _51 \\Frame _54 \\ Loadbearing structures _59 \\ Solid construction _59 \\ Skeleton construction _62 \\Reinforcement _68 \\Halls _70 \\Plate structures 74 \\Foundations _77 \\In conclusion _Bl \\Appendix _82 \\ Pre- dimensioning formulae _92 \\ Literature _84 \\Picture credits _85 F O R E W O R D When constructing a building, we need to know how its structural properties function. Loadbearing elements can be the dominant features of the design, or simply an invisible substructure - but a building is always based on its loadbearing structure. It holds the building together, distrib- utes loads into the ground, and guarantees stability. An understanding of loadbearing - its structural principles and the specific qualities of indi- vidual loadbearing systems - is fundamental to applying these principles sensibly in the design process and developing a solution that suits the materials and the construction method. It is often difficult, particularly at the beginning of a course when there is so much new material to assimilate, to work one's way into the complexities of statics and loadbearing theory. Basics Loadbearing Sys- terns bridges the fields of architecture and civil engineering and explains the fundamentals of Ioadbearing structure theory simply, comprehensibly and chronologically. To help general understanding, the author first ex- plains the loads and forces occurring in a building using examples and simple contexts. He introduces typical loadbearing structural elements and shows loadbearing systems and structures for the different building types that planners can use for their designs. The compact knowledge con- veyed here makes it possible for students to work with loadbearing struc- tures in an integrated way, and thus be able to design creatively. Bert Bielefeld, Editor r,l.::lt: ::,it,irr ::ilirii: F = m . o N e w t o n K l l o n e w t o n : 1 k N = 1 0 0 0 N , 1 4 e g q n e w t o n : 1 f 1 N = 1 , 0 0 0 . 0 0 0 N L O A D S A N D F O R C E S LOADBEARING STRUCTURES AND STATICS A great dear of philosophizing can be done about how design relates to construction. Very different positions can be taken, but they are always two sides of the same coin. Designing spaces means defining them, by ap_ plying theory to structures that wiII need to be rearized. Knowing iout structures is therefore one of the fundamentars of architectural theory. rt is very rare for the architect him- or herserf to vouch for the stabllity of constructrons' But he or she shourd be in a position to select structural elements correctly at the early design stages ".rd to ""r"r. elements correctly at the early design stages "....
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This note was uploaded on 09/04/2011 for the course ATCM 1 taught by Professor Maker during the Spring '11 term at Uni. Aalborg.

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LOADBEARING SYSTEMS - \ R L F R E D M E I S T E R M R N N \...

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