AVSC 1010 Lecture 4 - AVSC 1010 Lecture 4 Lecture 4 The...

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AVSC 1010 Lecture 4 Lecture 4 The Second World War and Aviation "We shall not flag nor fail. We shall go on to the end. We shall fight in France and on the seas and oceans; we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air. We shall defend our island whatever the cost may be; we shall fight on beaches, landing grounds, in fields, in streets and on the hills. We shall never surrender and even if, which I do not for the moment believe, this island or a large part of it were subjugated and starving, then our empire beyond the seas, armed and guarded by the British Fleet, will carry on the struggle until in God's good time the New World with all its power and might, sets forth to the liberation and rescue of the Old. .." --British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, 1940 The greatest war fought in the history of the world was World War II. This war brought death and suffering to tens of millions of people, reordered the nations of the world, brought the United States and the Soviet Union to leadership in the world, and utilized aircraft and missile technologies as never before. Following the end of World War I, the Great War, as it was then called, the victorious nations set harsh conditions on the losers. The conditions of the Treaty of Versailles required Germany, especially, to pay heavily in war reparations costs and to dismantle its military. The result, was that the new Weimar Republic had continuous economic problems including hyper inflation that caused even greater political instability. Extreme groups, including the Communists and the National Socialists (Nazi's) fought for the hearts and votes of the German people. In 1933 the Nazi's came to power and began the preparations for a war to right the wrongs done to the German people with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. The German dictator Adolf Hitler understood the power of the airplane. He invested heavily in new technology and appointed a World War I war aviation hero, Hermann Goering to command his new air forces. At first, the Germans rebuilt their air fleet under the guise of commercial aviation but by 1935 had re-established the German Air Force, the Luftwaffe. Hitler also realized that his nation would need to have the most advanced aircraft possible to destroy his enemies. By the mid 1930's, Hitler's government had at least five government labs working on new aircraft designs, engines, and advanced aviation technology. This work would give Germany an important lead over all other nations. Practicing for War: the Spanish Civil War By the mid 1930's, both Germany and its fellow fascist state, Italy, began to re-arm and prepare for war. Germany was eager to test its new air force and found an opportunity in the 1936 Spanish Civil War. Spain was divided in conflict between right wing fascist forces and a growing left-wing of socialists and communists. Germany and Italy came to the aid of fascists
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and obtained needed experience in new aviation techniques. The Spanish Civil War was the
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This note was uploaded on 09/04/2011 for the course AVSC 1010 taught by Professor Green during the Fall '11 term at Utah Valley University.

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AVSC 1010 Lecture 4 - AVSC 1010 Lecture 4 Lecture 4 The...

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