AVSC 1010 Lecture 5 - Lecture 5 Aviation & the Arms Race...

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Lecture 5 The end of World War II set the stage for the next war, a Cold War, between the nations of Communism, especially the Soviet Union, and the nations of Democracy, led by the United States. The Cold War refers to the battle of ideologies, small sponsored conflicts, and arms race between the United States and its western allies, against the Soviet Union, and its eastern allies. The Soviet Union suffered more than any other nation during World War II. At least 20 million of its citizens died during the war. Soviet Premier Josef Stalin felt that Russia should never again suffer war coming from Western Europe. The territories he conquered in Eastern Europe, including Poland, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, and East Germany would fall under his 'protective' control to serve as a buffer in any future conflict. Former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill called this the Iron Curtain. The United States and its allies countered Stalin's seizure of power in these nations by establishing the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, NATO, to offer mutual protection of Western Europe and the North American nations. NATO still stands today as the world's most important military partnership and organization. The United States maintained control in West Germany and West Berlin until several years after the war. Then the United States and other NATO members kept bases in Germany in case of future attack. Stalin formed his own organization of puppet Eastern European states, called the Warsaw Pact in response to NATO. The Warsaw Pact would not collapse until the early 1990's. Aviation quickly became an important device to project world power. The United States and Russia quickly began a feverish competition in aviation and missile design that would become history's greatest arms race. An arms race occurs when two or more nations struggle to build larger and more powerful militaries than the other, usually in times of peace. Heavy economic expenditures would severely drain the resources of both the United States and the Soviet Union. The Berlin Airlift The capital city of nazi germany would become the symbol of Europe's new division. At the end of World War II, Berlin, like the rest of Germany, was divided into areas of control. Berlin, however, was in the middle of the Soviet controlled zone of East Germany. The American, French, and British zones of Berlin became West Berlin, a democratic oasis in the center of East Germany. This oasis became a thorn in the side of Soviet Premier Josef Stalin, who cut off all ground routes to the city of West Berlin on June 24, 1948. The city of 2.5 million had enough food for about 36 days. After that, the Soviets decided, the West would be forced to give up control of the city. Some generals advised U. S. President Harry Truman to force armed convoys through the blockades, but Truman did not desire another war. The American General Lucius Clay, the military governor of Germany, ordered an airlift to
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This note was uploaded on 09/04/2011 for the course AVSC 1010 taught by Professor Green during the Fall '11 term at Utah Valley University.

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AVSC 1010 Lecture 5 - Lecture 5 Aviation & the Arms Race...

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