AVSC 1010 Lecture 13

AVSC 1010 Lecture 13 - Lecture 13 Commercial Air Carriers...

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Lecture 13 Commercial Air Carriers "How many crew members does it take to fly the new Boeing 777? Three. Two pilots and a dog. The dog's job is to bite the pilots if they touch anything. The pilots feed the dog." Aviation joke making the rounds in cockpits since 1996 Commercial air carriers are now the most important form of long-distance travel. Hundreds of millions of passengers and billions of dollars of cargo cross the United States and the globe in a fraction of the time required by sea vessels, trains, or automobiles. Air carriers are commonly divided into airlines, cargo operators, and charter operators. Commercial air carriers are also the safest type of transportation, as measured by miles flown. Different statistics show that airline flights are as much as 10,000 times safer than automobile trips for the same distances traveled, and much safer than trains. Air carriers are also one of the most regulated industries in the world. The Federal Aviation Administration, the Joint Aviation Authority of the European Union, and countless other government bureaucracies require airlines to adhere to tens of thousands of pages of regulations. In the United States alone, the air transportation industry generates more than $200 billion a year. The industry also contributes to world tourism. The world tourism industry, which generates several trillion dollars a year in revenue, depends on airlines to deliver passengers to destinations across the world. The scope of this travel would have been impossible in the days of the train and ocean liner. The Airlines Passenger airlines are the most prestigious and significant type of commercial aviation operation. Hundreds of millions of passengers are carried every year to destinations from Topeka, Kansas to Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Nations once took pride in the size and speed of their ocean-liners. Now they take pride in the size, number, and speed of their passenger airlines. Airlines are categorized according to the amount of revenue they generate. The United States Department of Transportation categorizes the sizes according to total revenues from passengers as follows: Passenger Revenues Airline Size Over $1 billion/year Major Airline Between $100 million and $1 billion/year National Airline Between $10 million and $100 million/year Regional Airline Lower than $10 million/year Commuter Airline Major airlines have extensive fleets and route structures. Major airlines in the United States include: American Airlines, Delta Airlines, Northwest Airlines, TWA, Southwest Airlines, Continental Airlines, Alaska Airlines, America West Airlines, and US Airways. Two cargo carriers in the U. S., Federal Express and UPS are also considered major airlines in some publications due to their air cargo revenue. Competition between major airlines for the flying public is keen. Profitability is difficult due to
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This note was uploaded on 09/04/2011 for the course AVSC 1010 taught by Professor Green during the Fall '11 term at Utah Valley University.

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AVSC 1010 Lecture 13 - Lecture 13 Commercial Air Carriers...

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