Modern Philosophy

Modern Philosophy - Andrew Coppa Phil 003 11/30/10 Short...

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Andrew Coppa Phil 003 11/30/10 Short Paper Friendship and Empiricism In Modern Philosophy Friendship is a distinct personal relationship that is formed through concern on the part of each friend for the satisfaction of the other, and involves a degree of relevant intimacy. The special concern we have for our friends is in accordance with a broader set of concerns, including moral concerns. Empiricism is the view that all concepts originate in experience, that all concepts are about or applicable to things that can be experienced, or that all rational beliefs are justifiable or knowable only through experience. This is the modern understanding and overview of a friendship and the philosophical comprehension of empiricism. The idea of empiricism is directly associated to the foundation of modern ideas and moral beliefs of friendship. There have been many philosophers and writers that have portrayed their theorems and opinions on friendship with correlation with empiricism. Even though there have been numerous undertakings to distinguish a proper knowledge on modern friendship; none render a comprehensive outlining better than the three philosophers Francis Bacon, Michel de Montaigne, and Immanuel Kant. They each contributed unique views and profound perspectives of this moot point that gained respect and notability.
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Perceived as the father of empiricism, Sir Francis Bacon was an English lawyer, statesman, philosopher, and champion of modern science. Early in his career he claimed “all knowledge as his province” and afterwards devoted himself to an integrated revaluation of traditional learning. Francis established an entirely new system based on empirical and inductive principles, a system whose ultimate goal would be the production of practical knowledge for “the use and benefit of men” and the relief of the human condition. “It is the highest kind of life, it can be enjoyed uninterruptedly for the greatest length of time.”(Bacon) In 1607, Francis Bacon wrote an essay, “On Friendship” that depicts qualities and individuality of a friendship, similarly to the ones displayed in the previous quote. Bacon begins the essay by demonstrating attributes of basic human nature. Francis’s logic is that those who live in society should enjoy the bliss of friendship for more than one reason. First of all, friendship is crucial for maintaining good mental health by navigating the passions of the soul and mind. He speaks of the remedial effects of friendship in which one enlightens their heart and reveals feelings and emotions: happiness, fear, agony, and judgment. Bacon then attempts to analyze the value of friendship by relating to friendship among high social levels. He uses an example of
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Modern Philosophy - Andrew Coppa Phil 003 11/30/10 Short...

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