ETH 125-Hispanic American Diversity

ETH 125-Hispanic American Diversity - Running head:...

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Running head: HISPANIC AMERICAN DIVERSITY 1 Hispanic American Diversity Tara Von Gulner ETH/125 January 30, 2011 Jacqueline Jefferson
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HISPANIC AMERICAN DIVERSITY 2 Hispanic American Diversity Hispanic is not a racial term. Hispanic refers to a language that is shared by many different racial and cultural groups within the United States. Four specific groups in the United States that fall within the classification of Hispanic are: Mexican Americans, Puerto Ricans, Cuban Americans, and Nicaraguan Americans. Each of these groups shares some similarities. However, the differences between the groups are numerous and distinct. These distinctions are important to each group’s cultural identity. This identity is made up linguistic, political, social, economic, religious, and familial conventions. Identity is important to each group, especially as immigration continues to increase by Latinos. The Pew Hispanic Center (2009) stated, "A record 12.7 million Mexican immigrants lived in the United States in 2008, a 17-fold increase since 1970. Mexicans now account for 32% of all immigrants living in this country.” (para. 1). Identifying the traits of identity is important because it leads to an understanding of the unique makeup of each separate group. Mexican Americans Language is important to any culture. Mexican Americans may speak Spanish, English, both Spanish and English, or a new dialect termed “Chicano English”. Fought (2005) stated, “As immigrants from Mexico came to California and other parts of the Southwest, communities developed which included many people who spoke only Spanish. Many of these speakers began to learn English, and like other learners of a language, they spoke a non-native variety which included sounds and grammatical constructions from their first language, Spanish. But the children of these immigrants grew up using both English and Spanish, and as the communities began to stabilize, so did a new dialect of English.” (para. 1). Blending the two languages results
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HISPANIC AMERICAN DIVERSITY 3 from Mexican Americans blending two cultures: Anglo and Mexican. Politics plays a huge role in the Mexican American community. This can be seen by the formation of political groups such as Mexican American Legislative Caucus, the Mexican American Political Association, MEcHA, and the National Mexican Women’s Commission. Some of the political issues that arise for Mexican Americans are immigration and civil rights. These groups help to give a voice to the Mexican American community. Mexican Americans do not enjoy the same social and
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ETH 125-Hispanic American Diversity - Running head:...

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