36-37-38 Reading Guide

36-37-38 Reading Guide - New Dorp High School AP Global...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
New Dorp High School Social Studies Department AP Global Europe during the Middle Ages The medieval period of European history, also known as the Middle Ages, is considered to have lasted from 500-1500. Traditionally, the medieval era is broken down into three phases: the Early Middle Ages (500-1000), the High Middle Ages (1000-1300), and the Late Middle Ages (1300- 1500). The decline and eventual fall of the Roman Empire led to the Dark Ages. Europe became known as an “undeveloped area.” Intellect, taste and imagination disappeared from art and literature. During the Early Middle Ages the year’s 500-1000 was a period of political decentralization and overall backwardness. From 1000-1300, Europe enjoyed a revival. Nations became stronger, the economy grew healthier, and the level of technological and cultural knowledge improved. The concept of Europe as a single civilization, joined together by a common cultural heritage and the Christian religion, took greater shape during these years. The period between 1300-1500 was a complex one, marked by both crisis and advancement. On one hand, Europe was struck by social unrest, constant warfare, and struck by the Black Death. On the other hand, these years were the start of major advancement. The Renaissance began in Italy, ushering in a period of tremendous artistic and intellectual achievement. Describe what the three periods of the Middle Ages were like in the following graphic organizer. The Early Middle Ages The High Middle Ages The Late Middle Ages The Rise of Regional States in Western Europe After the chaos of the fall of the Roman Empire, some areas of Western Europe witnessed the rise of powerful nobles and monarchs who established unified regional governments that provided a glimpse of the future of Western Europe. In the decades following the fall of Rome, local governments in the form of small Germanic kingdoms replaced imperial rule. At the same time, the Catholic Church served as a unifying force in the territories of the former Roman Empire. Eventually many of the Germanic tribes surrounding the former Roman Empire converted to Christianity. Germanic rule structured itself around loyalties to family and the individual, such as the Germanic chiefs. In the former Roman province of Gaul, power was in the hands of a Germanic people called the Franks. Clovis the leader of the Franks converted to Christianity along with his army. Their adoption of Roman Christianity gained the Franks the support of the pope, thereby strengthening the
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 4

36-37-38 Reading Guide - New Dorp High School AP Global...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online