Connelly__Ellen_00

Connelly__Ellen_00 - 62 From Regulation to Litigation: An...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 62 From Regulation to Litigation: An Analysis of the Silicone Breast Implant Controversy Ellen Connelly Food and Drug Law Third Year Paper April 19, 2000 1 I. I. Introduction At the age of eighteen, Britney Spears has reached super- star status. She has sold millions of albums, and her music videos are among MTV’s most popular. Teenage boys idolize her, and teenage girls strive to look like her. Unfortunately, good genes alone may not account for Britney’s sought after appearance. Recent reports allege that the teen idol underwent breast augmentation surgery last year, at the age of seventeen. 1 Although Britney denied the reports, other stars such as Pamela Anderson Lee owe much of their fame to well- publicized breast augmentation procedures. In fact, the American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons (ASPRS) has reported a steady increase in the demand for all types of cosmetic surgery ranging from rhinoplasty to breast augmentation. 2 According to statistics compiled by the ASPRS, the number of procedures performed in the United States has increased 152 percent since 1992, to well over a million procedures a year. Twenty-five percent of those procedures are performed on patients under the age of 34. 3 As these statistics indicate, cosmetic surgery has be- come quite common, despite the disastrous history of what was once a highly popular cosmetic surgery procedure: sil- icone gel breast augmentation. 1 See Chrissy Illey, Britney is 18 but She’s Already Had Breast Implants and There are Plenty of Other Young Americans Queuing to go Under the Knife, The Scotsman, Jan. 28, 2000, at 22; see also Alex Tresniowski et. al., Britney’s Wild Ride, People, Feb. 14, 2000, at 98 (reporting on Britney’s denial of the breast implant rumors). 2 See Nancy Ryan, Cosmetic Surgery Jumps 50 Percent: Liposuc- tion and Breast Augmentation Top Procedures (visited Mar. 1, 2000) < http://www.plasticsurgery.org/mediactr/99stats.htm > ; see also Illey, supra note 1, at 22. 3 See Illey, supra note 1, at 22. 2 A. The Development of the Silicone Breast Implant For over a century, women around the world have used various methods to enlarge their breast size. As Dr. Marcia Angell explains in her book, Science on Trial: The Clash of Medical Evidence and the Law in the Breast Implants Case , the first recorded breast augmentation procedure occurred in Germany in 1895 and involved transplanting fat from a benign tumor on a woman’s back to her breasts. 4 Before turning to silicone, doctors tried injecting a variety of sub- stances such as paraffin wax, petroleum jelly, beeswax and vegetable oils di- rectly into the patient’s breast. 5 The start of World War II, however, brought about increased innovation in many fields, including medicine. Scientists had stabilized silicone just prior to the start of the war, and silicone became quite valuable during the war because of its uses in lubrication, sealing, and insula- tion. Soon doctors began to investigate possible medical uses of silicone andtion....
View Full Document

Page1 / 72

Connelly__Ellen_00 - 62 From Regulation to Litigation: An...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online