lecture notes ch. 7

lecture notes ch. 7 - Chapter 7 Title:BusLawSeal.eps...

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Chapter 7 Negligence and Strict Liability C HAPTER O UTLINE I . Negligence An act that could be an intentional tort if not for a lack of intent may constitute negligence.  Under negligence theory, a tortfeasor neither wishes to bring about the consequences of an  act nor believes that they will occur but his or her conduct creates a risk of the consequences.  The risk must be foreseeable so that a reasonable person would anticipate it and guard  against it, depending on the nature of the possible harm. A very slight risk of a dangerous  explosion might be unreasonable; a distinct possibility of burning one’s fingers on a stove  might be reasonable. Negligence involves four elements: A duty of care. A breach of the duty.
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A legally recognizable injury. Causation (the breach must have caused the injury). A. T HE D UTY OF C ARE AND I TS B REACH Negligence involves the careless performance of a legally required duty or the failure to  perform a legally required act. Courts consider the nature of the act, the manner in  which it is performed, and the nature of the injury in determining whether a duty is  breached. ✩★✩ Answer to Video Question Ltr. A ✩★✩ In the video, the mayor (Murray Hamilton) and a few other men try to persuade Chief Brody (Roy Scheider) not to close the town’s beaches. If the chief keeps the beaches open and a swimmer is injured or killed because the Brody failed to warn swimmers about the potential shark danger, has Brody committed the tort of negligence? Explain.  The tort of negligence involves the careless performance of a legally required  duty or the failure to perform a legally required act. Given that Chief Brody is a police officer and  therefore has a duty to protect the public, his failure to warn swimmers about the shark danger that he  is aware of probably constitutes negligence. 1.The Reasonable Person Standard Duty is measured by a standard of reasonableness.  The measure is objective—how  would a  reasonable person  act in the same circumstances?  The answer defines  the duty: a reasonable person would exercise reasonable care. 2.Duty of Landowners Business   firms   that   invite   persons   onto   their  premises   usually   have   a  duty   to  exercise reasonable care to protect their business invitees against foreseeable risks 
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that the owner knew or should have known about. This includes a duty to warn,  but not of obvious risks.
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lecture notes ch. 7 - Chapter 7 Title:BusLawSeal.eps...

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