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very good term paper - Dylan Douglas Professor Koszarski...

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Dylan Douglas Professor Koszarski Specific Topics in Film 354:392 5/1/09 Father’s of Independent Film: Lumet & Cassavetes “The most difficult thing in the world is to reveal yourself, to express what you have to. As an artist, I feel that we must try many things - but above all we must dare to fail. You must be willing to risk everything to really express it all.” --John Cassavetes The rise of independent film, as seen in the 1940’s to present, is a movement that took place all over the world, but that progressed greatly in the New York, metropolitan area. The movement converged with other film movements over the years, namely those of experimental nature such as American avant-garde film. The basis for independent film is that the picture is financed and produced by a company or people outside of any major film studio; it is free of any contract with companies such as MGM, Paramount Pictures, RKO, Warner Bros., Universal Pictures or Twentieth Century Fox. This may perplex some people, those whose main priority in their lives and careers is to reach financial success and profit before anything else. The intention of directors and other affiliated individuals is not entirely adverse to this notion, for the majority of people obviously expect reciprocal payment and recognition for they’re work. However, if it is at the cost of their artistic freedom or expression, their personal direction or ideals, then that is when a director is apt to pursue work in independent film. Hollywood, the original Mecca for commercial film production, is the embodiment of everything that Independent film strays away from. Glamour has always been a staple of Hollywood productions and, among other factors, projects a very unrealistic image of American styles of being and values. The presence of minds thinking in terms such as this is clear in New York City, one of the largest venues for great cultural evolution and artistic expression. Among the many film directors adherent in this movement, Sidney Lumet and John Cassavetes are two of the most influential and mention-worthy. Their impact in Independent film’s history and development has been immeasurable, as their pivotal careers show. Even
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though their approaches and methodology varied greatly, both of these adamant New York citizens played key roles in the independent film movement. The success of these directors and the uprising of the independent movement in general represent a significant change in American society: a movement toward more humanistic, realistic film. Hollywood production has always been regarded with high esteem, always putting on the most extravagant performances to stimulate interest and appreciation. Dating back as early as the turn of the 19 th century, Hollywood has been the epicenter of American entertainment and popular delight. This status greatly effected culture in California, but more so in the United States as a whole. Hollywood did not merely represent America, it served as a “caricature of selected contemporary tendencies,” characteristics, beliefs, and stereotypes for the entire world to see (Hortense, 307).
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very good term paper - Dylan Douglas Professor Koszarski...

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