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Running head: HISTORICAL ERA ANALYSIS 1Historical Era Analysis: Medieval and Enlightenment EraEDUC 703Liberty University2020Abstract
HISTORICAL ERA ANALYSIS2This analysis will focus on the Medieval Era and the Enlightenment Era in the historical context of education foundations and reform. The philosophers of each era champion education in their own way while they shape their individual theories of how to improve the education systems they have experienced. The similarities are drawn between how each relates to the classic, historical theories but they diverge based upon new applications. Each philosopher attempts to balance the love of history and literature with the Christian teachings to create a whole individual within the learner that can think for themselves and in turn know God. Keywords:medieval, enlightenment, education, worldview, philosopher
HISTORICAL ERA ANALYSIS3Historical Era Analysis: Medieval and Enlightenment EraThe time after the fall of the Roman Empire saw the rise of nation states which marked the beginning of the Medieval Era. During this time, Christianity was a new religion that was shaping the world with the introduction that man could be free to think for himself. The Enlightenment Era began to introduce people to the belief that social change could be a product of education. Society as a whole would benefit if education was readily available to more than just a select few. This paper will illustrate philosophiesfrom both eras and connect how they related. Historical Era 1: MedievalThe Medieval Era as described by Gutek (2011) were the centuries between 500 and 1400 C.E. This was bookended between the fall of the Roman Empire and the beginning of the Renaissance. Gutek (2011) focused on Thomas Aquinas, Desiderius Erasmus, John Calvin, and Johann Comenius as the important philosophers of this era. These four contributed to this shaping of the educational philosophies in significant ways and similarly, each of their educational theories is based in religion.Aquinas, though initially schooled in the classical manner, sought to make the connection between thought and the vision that God has for man. He focused on helping humans realize that man had the freedom to choose between right and wrong but that choice should be based on the relationship man has to God. Erasmus, a proponent of the classical educational teaching, wanted to include a component of intrigue. Erasmus believed that the extension of knowledge through conversation and debate allowed for man to grow and develop novel ways of thinking and learning. Calvin believed that education should be Scripturally based. Through this base, literacy skills would be
HISTORICAL ERA ANALYSIS4developed out of necessity and lead to the foundations of truth. Finally, Comenius formalized the educational agencies that were meant to instruct children. He explored child development and the environment that students need to thrive.

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