Heroditus book 6-8review

Heroditus book 6-8review - Book 6 The Ionian Revolt...

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Book 6 The Ionian Revolt Continues Histiaeus goes to Sardis, where Artaphrenes accuses him of being the author of the Ionian Revolt (1). Histiaeus flees to Chios, where he is accepted after initial mistrust (2). Challenged by the Ionians, Histiaeus falsely claims to have initiated the revolt to prevent Darius from resettling all the Ionians in Phoenicia (3). Histiaeus' secret communications with potential Persian allies at Sardis betrayed by a messenger to Artaphrenes, who uses the messenger in place to also read the replies to Histiaeus' letters; Histiaeus' cover blown (4). Histiaeus tries to return to Miletus, but the Milesians reject him; so he gets ships from Lesbos and camps near Byzantium, controlling all sea traffic through the Bosporos (5). The Persians prepare a massive attack on Miletus by land and sea, using Cypriots and Egyptians, as well as Phoenician ships (6). In conference at the Panionium, the Ionians resolve to allow Miletus to be besieged, and to mass for a sea battle at Lade, an island near Miletus (7). Account of the contingents at Lade; the largest from Miletus, Chios, Lesbos, and Samos; total 333 ships (8). The Persian generals, worried at the number of Ionian ships, appeal to the deposed tyrants of Ionia, asking them to persuade the Ionians not to fight with promises of leniency or, as last resort, with horrible threats; the Ionians reject the appeals, made secretly and individually (9-10). Hortatory speech to the Ionian fleet by Dionysius the Phocaean (11). Dionysius, as chief commander, drills the Ionians until they become discontented and refuse to man their ships (12). Seeing the disunity, the Samian commanders decide to honor a deal made by their now deposed tyrant, Aeaces, and submit to the Persians (13). The battle begins, and most of the Samian fleet deserts; Hdt alludes to controversy among his sources over this battle; the Lesbians are said to have deserted when they saw the Samians doing likewise (14). Heroism of the Chians in a losing cause; they brought 100 ships with 40 epibatai on each (15). Some Chians escape to Ephesus, where they are mistaken for invaders and slain by the Ephesians, who are trying to protect their women who are at the Thesmophoria (16). Dionysius escapes to Sicily with three captured ships and becomes a pirate (17). The battle won, the Persians besiege Miletus and take the city in 494 BC (18). How the capture of Miletus fulfilled an oracle (19). Captured Milesians resettled by Darius near the Tigris, and their land colonised (20). Greece mourns for Miletus; Phrynichus fined by the Athenians for making them cry at his Miletou Halosis , 492 BC (21). The Samians decide to relocate to Sicily rather than face the return of Aeaces and Persian dominion (22). How the Samians betrayed the people of Zancle (Messene), who had invited them to Sicily, by collaborating with the tyrants Anaxilaus of Rhegium and Hippocrates of Gela, and seizing the city of Zancle for themselves (23). How the former tyrant of Zancle, Scythes, went to live at Darius' court (24). Aeaces restored to power at
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Heroditus book 6-8review - Book 6 The Ionian Revolt...

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